Rural/non-rural differences in rates of common mental disorders in Britain - Prospective multilevel cohort study
UNSPECIFIED. (2006) Rural/non-rural differences in rates of common mental disorders in Britain - Prospective multilevel cohort study. BRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY, 188 . pp. 51-57. ISSN 0007-1250Full text not available from this repository.
Background Some UK studies have reported an urban excess in the prevalence of the most common mental disorders of anxiety and depression.
Aims To investigate rural/non-rural differences in the onset and maintenance of episodes of common mental disorders, after adjusting for the characteristics of respondents and their households.
Method A 12-month cohort study of 7659 adults aged 16-74 years living in 4338 private households, nested within 626 electoral wards in England,Wales and Scotland. Common mental disorders were assessed using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). Electoral wards were characterised by Off ice for National Statistics classification and by population density. Data were analysed using multilevel statistical modelling.
Results Rural residents had slightly better mental health than non-rural counterparts. The effects of geographical location on the mental health of participants were neither significantly confounded nor modified by socioeconomic status, employment status or household income.
Conclusions There are small but statistically significant differences in rates of common mental disorders between urban and rural residents. Quantifying between-place differences using population density alone risks missing important contextual effects on mental health.
Declaration of interest None.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry|
|Journal or Publication Title:||BRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY|
|Publisher:||ROYAL COLLEGE OF PSYCHIATRISTS|
|Official Date:||January 2006|
|Number of Pages:||7|
|Page Range:||pp. 51-57|
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