Stability analysis of three-dimensional breather solitons in a Bose-Einstein condensate
UNSPECIFIED. (2005) Stability analysis of three-dimensional breather solitons in a Bose-Einstein condensate. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES, 461 (2063). pp. 3561-3574. ISSN 1364-5021Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2005.1531
We investigated the stability properties of breather soliton trains in a three-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) with Feshbach-resonance management of the scattering length. This is done so as to generate both attractive and repulsive interaction. The condensate is confined only by a one-dimensional optical lattice and we consider strong, moderate and weak confinement. By strong confinement we mean a situation in which a quasi two-dimensional soliton is created. Moderate confinement admits a fully three-dimensional soliton. Weak confinement allows individual solitons to interact. Stability properties are investigated by several theoretical methods such as a variational analysis, treatment of motion in effective potential wells, and collapse dynamics. Armed with all the information forthcoming from these methods, we then undertake a numerical calculation. Our theoretical predictions are fully confirmed, perhaps to a higher degree than expected. We compare regions of stability in parameter space obtained from a fully three-dimensional analysis with those from a quasi two-dimensional treatment, when the dynamics in one direction are frozen. We find that in the three-dimensional case the stability region splits into two parts. However, as we tighten the confinement, one of the islands of stability moves toward higher frequencies and the lower frequency region becomes more and more like that for the quasi two-dimensional case. We demonstrate these solutions in direct numerical simulations and, importantly, suggest a way of creating robust three-dimensional solitons in experiments in a BEC in a one-dimensional lattice.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Journal or Publication Title:||PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES|
|Date:||8 November 2005|
|Number of Pages:||14|
|Page Range:||pp. 3561-3574|
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