The XMM-Newton serendipitous survey. IV, Optical identification of the XMM-Newton medium sensitivity survey (XMS)
. (2007) The XMM-Newton serendipitous survey. IV, Optical identification of the XMM-Newton medium sensitivity survey (XMS). Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol.476 (No.3). pp. 1191-1203. ISSN 0004-6361
WRAP_Wheatley_46_XMM_newton_aa7606-07.pdf - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20077606
Aims. X-ray sources at intermediate fluxes (a few ×10−14 erg cm−2 s−1) with a sky density of ∼100 deg−2 are responsible for a significant fraction of the cosmic X-ray background at various energies below 10 keV. The aim of this paper is to provide an unbiased and quantitative description of the X-ray source population at these fluxes and in various X-ray energy bands.
Methods. We present the XMM-Newton Medium sensitivity Survey (XMS), including a total of 318 X-ray sources found among the serendipitous content of 25 XMM-Newton target fields. The XMS comprises four largely overlapping source samples selected at soft (0.5−2 keV), intermediate
(0.5−4.5 keV), hard (2−10 keV) and ultra-hard (4.5−7.5 keV) bands, the first three of them being flux-limited.
Results. We report on the optical identification of the XMS samples, complete to 85−95%. At the flux levels sampled by the XMS we find that the X-ray sky is largely dominated by Active Galactic Nuclei. The fraction of stars in soft X-ray selected samples is below 10%, and only a few per cent for hard selected samples. We find that the fraction of optically obscured objects in the AGN population stays constant at around 15−20% for soft and intermediate band selected X-ray sources, over 2 decades of flux. The fraction of obscured objects amongst the AGN population is
larger (∼35−45%) in the hard or ultra-hard selected samples, and constant across a similarly wide flux range. The distribution in X-ray-to-optical flux ratio is a strong function of the selection band, with a larger fraction of sources with high values in hard selected samples. Sources with X-ray-to-optical flux ratios in excess of 10 are dominated by obscured AGN, but with a significant contribution from unobscured AGN.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QB Astronomy|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Physics|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||X-ray astronomy, Active galactic nuclei, X-ray sources, Galactic -- Databases|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Astronomy & Astrophysics|
|Official Date:||December 2007|
|Page Range:||pp. 1191-1203|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
|Funder:||Spain. Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (MEC), Agenzia spaziale italiana [Italian Space Agency] (ASI), Italy. Ministero dell'istruzione, dell'università e della ricerca (MIUR), Istituto nazionale di astrofisica (Italy) (INAF), Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), European Space Agency (ESA), Royal Greenwich Observatory. Isaac Newton Group of Telescopes (Santa Cruz de la Palma, Canary Islands), Centro Galileo Galilei, Nordic Optical Telescope Science Association, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, European Southern Observatory (ESO)|
|Grant number:||ESP2003-00812 (MEC), ESP2006-13608-C02-01 (MEC), 50 OR 0201 (DLR), 75.A-0336 (ESO)|
Alexander, D. M., Bauer, F. E., Brandt, W. N., et al. 2003, AJ, 125, 383
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