Accuracy studies on non-destructive metrology of small hole
Zhang, Zhige (1996) Accuracy studies on non-destructive metrology of small hole. PhD thesis, University of Warwick.
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Official URL: http://webcat.warwick.ac.uk/record=b1403823~S15
The use and formation of small holes in different materials is critical to the
efficient operation of many industrial processes. The application of such
technology spreads across a very broad spectrum of problems, from the efficient
ejection of diesel spray to the quality of drawn synthetic yarns. However, there is
a lack of suitable non-destructive methods available for evaluating the quality of
such holes below the size of 200 μm. This work has been further stimulated by
evolving manufacturing technology which has both increased production
throughput and the need to assess the quality of the hole.
The thesis concentrates on the application of digital image processing to
conventional microscopy. In particular random edge detection and internal
surface shadow image reconstruction algorithms have been devised to achieve an
internal view of the hole. This has been achieved by selectively filtering the infocus-
strip formed by the microscope objective. Measurements have been made
of the diameter, straightness and interior surface roughness. The method has been
applied successfully to the following applications:
The internal 3-dimensional visualisation within a 0.2 mm diameter diesel injector
hole. The objective is to give a complete account of the hole diameter and straightness at the same speed as a spark erosion tool formed the hole. The
internal surface roughness has also been measured.
The measurement of a spinneret holes used in the production of synthetic yarn. In
this case the hole size varies from 0.07 to 0.5 mm in diameter.
Investigations have been performed for Rolls-Royce where an accurate
measuremenits required of the straightness and diameter within a typical turbine
coolant hole. The exercise has also measured the wall thickness between the hole
and the blade surface.
A research exercise has been tried for Marconi Electronics, their research
specification being to construct the equivalent of a RS232 connector for fibre
optic inter-connects. To achieve this they required a series of 0.1 mm holes
through which to run a series of fibre optic cables. Again research has been
performed to assess the straightness and diameter of these holes.
Further investigations has been made to investigate more general applications of
the technique for the interior mapping of large production components.
Finally although the initial stages of this study were performed using a high cost
research microscope an exercise to make a low cost dedicated automated
inspection process has been successfully been completed.
|Item Type:||Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Holes -- Measurement, Drilling and boring -- Quality control|
|Official Date:||April 1996|
|Institution:||University of Warwick|
|Theses Department:||School of Engineering|
|Sponsors:||China ; British Council|
|Extent:||xix, 146 leaves|
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