Institutionalised offenders : a study of the Victorian institution and its inmates, with special reference to late nineteenth century Warwickshire
Saunders, Janet Florence (1983) Institutionalised offenders : a study of the Victorian institution and its inmates, with special reference to late nineteenth century Warwickshire. PhD thesis, University of Warwick.
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Official URL: http://webcat.warwick.ac.uk/record=b1463403~S1
This study is concerned with the nature and function of
institutional confinement in late Victorian society. It
consists of an analysis of incarceration at the local level,
focusing on the county asylum and prison of Warwickshire,
based on case-history and administrative records.
The first chapter sets prison and asylum detention within
the broader pattern of confinement in Warwickshire, discussing
whether a cohesive systemI of incarceration existed.
Next is examined the key role played by county magistrates
in the provision of public and private institutions and
their reluctance to follow national policy to the letter.
A study of inmate labour demonstrates that the principle of
self-sufficiency allowed local authorities to economise,
with a mitigating influence on the ideologies of 'moral
treatment' and penitentiary punishment.
The remaining chapters concern the inmates. Workhouse,
prison and asylum entrants are compared with the source
population of the County. Social isolation was a factor
common to entrants to all three institutions, but asylum
inmates included many who were far from destitute. The
last two chapters extend the theme that asylums were not
functioning as places for Victorian society to offload
its deviant and 'marginal' members. Study of the mentally
disordered offender and the mentally handicapped indicates
that opposition to the extension of segregative control
persisted both locally and nationally.
In conclusion it is argued that late Victorian institutions
were less efficient at quarantining the deviant from the
rest of society than previous studies have suggested. The
conclusion also points out, however, that the fear of incarceration
remained an important theme in the poor's relationship
with the State, to which the experiences of institution
inmates contributed. Further research into the role played
by incarceration in this world-view, might avoid the pitfalls
of an over-emphasis on 'social control', while acknowledging
the inmate perspective.
|Item Type:||Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Asylums -- England -- Warwickshire -- History -- 19th century, Prisons -- England -- Warwickshire -- History -- 19th century, Inmates of institutions -- England -- Warwickshire -- History -- 19th century, People with mental disabilities -- England -- Warwickshire -- History -- 19th century|
|Official Date:||May 1983|
|Institution:||University of Warwick|
|Theses Department:||Department of Social History|
|Supervisor(s)/Advisor:||Shepherd, Michael, 1923-1996|
|Sponsors:||Social Science Research Council (Great Britain)|
|Extent:||vii, 345 leaves|
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