The affective consequences of visual attention in preview search
Fenske, Mark J., Raymond, Jane E. and Kunar, Melina A.. (2004) The affective consequences of visual attention in preview search. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, Vol.11 (No.6). pp. 1055-1061. ISSN 1069-9384Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/BF03196736
Comparisons of emotional evaluations of abstract stimuli just seen in a two-object visual search task show that prior distractors are devalued, as compared with prior targets or novel items, perhaps as a consequence of persistent attentional inhibition (Raymond, Fenske, & Tavassoli, 2003). To further explore such attention-emotion effects, we measured search response time in a preview search task and emotional evaluations of colorful, complex images just seen therein. On preview trials, the distractors appeared 1,000 msec before the remaining items. On no-preview trials, all the items were presented simultaneously. A single distractor was then rated for its emotional tone. Previewed distractors were consistently devalued, as compared with nonpreviewed distractors, despite longer exposure and being associated with an easier task. This effect was observed only in the participants demonstrating improved search efficiency with preview, but not in others, indicating that the attentional mechanisms underlying the preview benefit have persistent affective consequences in visual search.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Visual perception, Distraction (Psychology), Gestalt psychology|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Psychonomic Bulletin & Review|
|Publisher:||Springer New York LLC|
|Page Range:||pp. 1055-1061|
|Funder:||Economic and Social Research Council (Great Britain) (ESRC)|
|Grant number:||R022250212 (ESRC-ROPA)|
|References:||Amaral, D. G., & Price J. L. (1984). Amygdalo-cortical projections in the monkey (Macaca fascicularis). Journal of Comparative Neurology, 230, 465-496. Armony, J. L., & Dolan, R. J. (2002). Modulation of spatial attention by fear conditioned stimuli: An event-related fMRI study. Neuropsychologia, 40, 817-826. Bornstein, R. F. (1989). Exposure and affect: Overview and metaanalysis of research, 1968–1987. Psychological Bulletin, 106, 265- 289. Bush, G., Luu, P., & Posner, M. I. (2000). Cognitive and emotional influences in anterior cingulate cortex. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4, 215-222. Donk, M., & Theeuwes, J. (2001). Visual marking beside the mark: Prioritizing selection by abrupt onsets. Perception & Psychophysics, 63, 891-900. Eastwood, J. D., Smilek, D., & Merikle, P. M. (2001). Differential attentional guidance by unattended faces expressing positive and negative emotion. Perception & Psychophysics, 63, 1004-1013. Fenske, M. J., & Eastwood, J. D. (2003). Modulation of focused attention by faces expressing emotion: Evidence from flanker tasks. Emotion, 3, 327-343. Fox, E., Russo, R., Bowles, R., & Dutton, K. (2001). Do threatening stimuli draw or hold visual attention in subclinical anxiety? Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 130, 681-700. Jiang, Y., Chun, M. M., & Marks, L. E. (2002). Visual marking: Dissociating effects of new and old set size. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 28, 293-302. Jiang, Y., Marks, L. E., & Chun, M. M. (2002). Visual marking: Selective attention to asynchronous temporal groups. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 28, 717- 750. Loftus, G. R., & Masson, M. E. J. (1994). Using confidence intervals in within-subject designs. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 1, 476-490. Raymond, J. E., Fenske, M. J., & Tavassoli, N. T. (2003). Selective attention determines emotional responses to novel visual stimuli. Psychological Science, 14, 537-542. Reber, R., Winkielman, P., & Schwarz, N. (1998). Effects of perceptual fluency on affective judgments. Psychological Science, 9, 45-48. Schneider, W., Eschman, A., & Zuccolotto, A. (2002). E-prime user’s guide. Pittsburgh: Psychology Software Tools. Van Selst, M., & Jolicoeur, P. (1994). A solution to the effect of sample size on outlier elimination. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 47A, 631-650. Watson, D. G., & Humphreys, G. W. (1997). Visual marking: Prioritizing selection for new objects by top-down attentional inhibition of old objects. Psychological Review, 104, 90-122. Watson, D. G., & Humphreys, G. W. (2000). Visual marking: Evidence for inhibition using a probe-dot detection paradigm. Perception & Psychophysics, 62, 471-481. Winkielman, P., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2001). Mind at ease puts a smile on the face: Psychophysiological evidence that processing facilitation increases positive affect. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 81, 989-1000. Zajonc, R. B. (2001). Mere exposure: A gateway to the subliminal. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 10, 224-228.|
Actions (login required)