Amount of practice and degree of attentional control have no influence on the adverse effect of alcohol in word categorization and visual search tasks
Maylor, Elizabeth A. and Rabbitt, Patrick. (1988) Amount of practice and degree of attentional control have no influence on the adverse effect of alcohol in word categorization and visual search tasks. Perception & Psychophysics, Vol.44 (No.2). pp. 117-26. ISSN 0031-5117Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/BF03208703
Two experiments investigated the effect of alcohol on retrieval of lexical information. In each, volunteers received alcohol (1 ml per kg body weight) in one session and no alcohol in another in counterbalanced order. Experiment 1 was a computerised version of the Mill Hill vocabulary test in which subjects were required to define words by making multiple choice responses as fast as possible. As expected, correct decision time increased with item difficulty and tended to increase with alcohol, but there was no interaction between these effects. Experiment 2 was a lexical decision task involving words of low, medium and high frequency. Alcohol significantly increased correct response time but this did not interact with word frequency. In both experiments, decision times for individual items varied, indicating that lexical access is more difficult for rare than for frequent items. However, alcohol slowed easy and difficult decisions equally, which suggests that its locus of effect is not primarily on speed of access to semantic information, but rather on other aspects of the decision process.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Alcohol -- Physiological effect, Human information processing -- Effect of drugs on , Visual perception, Attention, Categorization (Psychology) -- Testing , Word recognition|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Perception & Psychophysics|
|Publisher:||Springer New York LLC|
|Page Range:||pp. 117-26|
|Funder:||Medical Research Council (Great Britain) (MRC)|
|Grant number:||G221479N (MRC)|
# Battig, W. F., &Montague, W. E. (1969). Category norms for verbal items in 56 categories: A replication and extension of the Connecticut category norms.Journal of Experimental Psychology Monographs,80(3, Pt. II), 1–46.
# Drew, G. C., Colquhoun, W. P., &Long, H. A. (1959).Effects of small doses of alcohol on a skill resembling driving (MRC Memorandum No. 38). London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.
# Huntley, M. S. (1973). Alcohol influences upon closed-course driving performance.Journal of Safety Research,5, 149–164.
# Maylor, E. A., &Rabbitt, P. M. A. (1987a). Effect of alcohol on rate of forgetting.Psychopharmacology,91, 230–235.
# Maylor, E. A., &Rabbitt, P. M. A. (1987b). Effects of practice and alcohol on performance of a perceptual-motor task.Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology,39a, 777–795.
# Norman, D. A. (1976).Memory and attention: An introduction to human information processing (2nd ed.). New York: Wiley.
# Schneider, W., Dumais, S. T., &Shiffrin, R. M. (1984). Automatic and control processing and attention. In R. Parasuraman & D. R. Davies (Eds.),Varieties of attention (pp. 1–27). New York: Academic Press.
# Schneider, W., &Shiffrin, R. M. (1977). Controlled and automatic human information processing: I. Detection, search and attention.Psychological Review,84, 1–66.
Actions (login required)
Downloads per month over past year