Age and prospective memory
Maylor, Elizabeth A.. (1990) Age and prospective memory. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Section A: Human Experimental Psychology, Vol.42 (No.3). pp. 471-493. ISSN 0272-4987Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14640749008401233
This paper reports an investigation into the effects of age, intelligence, and retrospective memory on performance in a prospective memory task in which subjects aged between 52 and 95 were required to telephone once a day either between two times or at an exact time. The most important influence on performance was how subjects chose to remember to make the telephone calls. The best performance was from subjects who telephoned either in conjunction with another routine event or engaged in some form of advanced planning of the daily schedule. The worst performance was from those who relied on internal cues from their own memory. Performance was intermediate from those who used external cues such as notes or diary entries. Subjects in the between condition were less likely to choose internal cues than those in the exact condition, possibly because the task appeared more difficult, and this resulted in their showing superior performance. The effect of age was influenced by the cue used. For subjects using internal cues, those who forgot were older than those who remembered, whereas for subjects using the other cues, those who forgot were younger than those who remembered. Regardless of cue, self-ratings of cognitive failures were related to performance such that those who reported more minor everyday mistakes were indeed more likely to forget to telephone. While there was some indirect effect of general intelligence on performance in the task, there was no relationship between retrospective memory scores and whether or not subjects remembered to telephone.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Memory -- Age factors, Memory -- Testing , Prospective memory , Age and intelligence|
|Journal or Publication Title:||The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Section A: Human Experimental Psychology|
|Page Range:||pp. 471-493|
|Funder:||Economic and Social Research Council (Great Britain) (ESRC), Medical Research Council (Great Britain) (MRC)|
|Grant number:||PG8612638 (MRC), (ESRC)|
* 1. Beal, C. R. 1988. “The development of prospective memory skills”. In Practical aspects of memory: Current research and issues. Volume 1: Memory in everyday life Edited by: Gruneberg, M. M., Morris, P. E. and Sykes, R. N. 366–370. Chichester: Wiley.
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