Age, blocking and the tip of the tongue state
Maylor, Elizabeth A.. (1990) Age, blocking and the tip of the tongue state. British Journal of Psychology, Vol.81 (No.2). pp. 123-134. ISSN 0007-1269Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8295.1990.tb02350...
This article reports the results of a laboratory study of tip of the tongue (TOT) experiences using a blocking technique (Jones & Langford, 1987). Subjects aged between 52 and 78 years were presented with definitions of rare words and were asked to generate the target word. Following the definition, a potential blocking word was presented which was either phonologically related to the target or not, and either semantically related to the target or not. There were more TOTs when the potential blocking word was phonologically related to the target than when it was not but the effect decreased with increasing age. Furthermore, the mean number of features of the target word reported in the TOT state declined with age. Together these results suggest that the elderly may have particular difficulty in accessing and using phonological information.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Ability, Influence of age on, Phonetics , Language acquisition -- Age factors, Cognition -- Age factors|
|Journal or Publication Title:||British Journal of Psychology|
|Publisher:||John Wiley & Sons Ltd.|
|Page Range:||pp. 123-134|
|Funder:||Medical Research Council (Great Britain) (MRC), Social Science Research Council (Great Britain)|
|Grant number:||PG8612638 (MRC), (SSRC)|
Bowles, N. L. & Poon, L. W. (1985). Aging and retrieval of words in semantic memory. Journal of Gerontology, 40, 71-77.
Brown, R. & McNeill, D. (1966). The 'tip of the tongue' phenomenon. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 5, 325-337.
Burke, D., Worthley, J. & MacKay, D. G. (1989). On the tip of the tongue: What causes word finding impairments in young and older adults? (Submitted for publication.)
Burke, D., Worthley, J. & Martin, J. (1988). I'll never forget what's-her-name: Aging and tip of the tongue experiences in everyday life. In M. M. Gruneberg, P. E. Morris & R. N. Sykes (Eds), Practical Aspects of Memory: Current Research and Issues, vol. 2, Clinical and Educational Implications, pp. 113-118. Chichester: Wiley.
Cohen, G. & Faulkner, D. (1986). Memory for proper names: Age differences in retrieval. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 4, 187-197.
Heim, A. W. (1968). AH4 Test. Windsor, Berks: NFER--NELSON.
James, W. (1890). The Principles of Psychology. Holt: New York.
Jones, G. V. (1989). Back to Woodworth: Role of interlopers in the tip of the tongue phenomenon. Memory and Cognition, 17, 69-76.
Jones, G. V. & Langford, S. (1987). Phonological blocking in the tip of the tongue state. Cognition, 26, 115-122.
MacKay, D. G. (1987). The Organization of Perception and Action: A Theory for Language and other Cognitive Skills. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Maylor, E. A. (in press). Recognizing and naming faces: Aging, memory retrieval and the tip of the tongue state. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences.
Nelson, T. O., Gerler, D. & Narens, L. (1984). Accuracy of feeling-of-knowing judgments for predicting perceptual identification and relearning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 113, 282-300.
Rabbitt, P. M. A. (1984). How old people prepare themselves for events which they expect. In H. Bouma & D. G. Bouwhius (Eds), Attention and Performance X: Control of Language Processes, pp. 515-527. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Rabbitt, P. M. A. (1986). Memory impairment in the elderly. In P. E. Bebbington & R. Jacoby (Eds), Psychiatric Disorders in the Elderly, pp. 101-119. London: Mental Health Foundation.
Reason, J. & Lucas, D. (1983). Using cognitive diaries to investigate naturally occurring memory blocks. In J. E. Harris & P. E. Morris (Eds), Everyday Memory, Actions and Absent-Mindedness, pp. 53-70. London: Academic Press.
Stemberger, J. P. (1985). An interactive model of language production. In A. W. Ellis (Ed.), Progress in the Psychology of Language, vol. 1, pp. 143-186. London: Erlbaum.
Thorndike, E. L. & Lorge, I. (1944). The Teacher's Wordbook of 30,000 Words. New York: Teachers' College Press.
Wenzl, A. (1932). Empirische und theoretische Beitrage zur Erinnerungsarbeit bei erschwerter Wortfindung. Archiv fur die gesamte Psychologie, 85, 181-218.
Wenzl, A. (1936). Empirische und theoretische Beitrage zur Erinnerungsarbeit bei erschwerter
Wortfindung. Archiv fur die gesamte Psychologie, 97, 294-318.
Woodworth, R. S. (1929). Psychology, 2nd rev. ed. New York: Holt.
Yaniv, I. & Meyer, D. E. (1987). Activation and metacognition of inaccessible stored information: Potential bases for incubation effects in problem solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 13, 187-205.
Actions (login required)