Effects of alcohol, practice, and task complexity on reaction time distributions
Maylor, Elizabeth A., Rabbitt, Patrick, James, G. H. and Kerr, S. A.. (1992) Effects of alcohol, practice, and task complexity on reaction time distributions. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Section A: Human Experimental Psychology, Vol.44 (No.1). pp. 119-39. ISSN 0272-4987Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14640749208401286
The effects of alcohol (1.0 ml/kg body weight) and practice (2 sessions) were investigated in 2-, 4-, and 8-choice reaction time (RT) tasks with 24 male subjects. The number of errors increased with alcohol, practice, and increasing task complexity (choice). Mean RT decreased with practice, but increased with alcohol and complexity. Both the alcohol and practice effects on mean RT increased as complexity increased. The effects of alcohol, practice, and complexity were all larger for the higher percentiles of the RT distributions than for the lower percentiles. RT distributions were further analysed at each level of choice by plotting percentiles (5th, 10th, ... , 95th) for alcohol conditions against corresponding percentiles for no-alcohol conditions, and percentiles obtained early in practice (Session 1) against those obtained later in practice (Session 2). These plots revealed that whereas at all levels of choice the effect of alcohol could be expressed as a simple linear transformation of all RTs, the effect of practice required a more complex curvilinear transformation. Thus, alcohol produces a general slowing of all RTs, whereas practice produces a disproportionate improvement at the slower end of the RT distribution.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Alcohol -- Physiological effect, Reaction time -- Effect of drugs on, Cognition -- Testing, Human information processing -- Effect of drugs on|
|Journal or Publication Title:||The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Section A: Human Experimental Psychology|
|Page Range:||pp. 119-39|
|Funder:||Medical Research Council (Great Britain) (MRC)|
|Grant number:||G8221479N (MRC)|
* 1. Baron, A. and Journey, J. W. 1989. Age differences in manual versus vocal reaction times: Further evidence. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 44: P157–159.
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