Remembering versus knowing television theme tunes in middle-aged and elderly adults
Maylor, Elizabeth A.. (1995) Remembering versus knowing television theme tunes in middle-aged and elderly adults. British Journal of Psychology, Vol.86 (No.1). pp. 21-25. ISSN 0007-1269Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8295.1995.tb02543...
Current evidence on ageing and states of awareness in memory tasks is mixed. In all cases, there is an age-related decline in memory accompanied by recollective experience (remember responses); however, for memory in the absence of recollective experience (know responses), there is no effect of age in some experiments but an increase with age in others. This paper presents data from a tune recognition experiment (Maylor, 1991) in which subjects were not explicitly asked to make remember/know decisions. Here, these states of awareness are inferred from subjects' responses. Middle-aged and elderly volunteers listened to theme tunes from television programmes; if they recognized the tune, they were asked to provide as much information about the programme as possible. Age significantly influenced remember responses (theme tune familiar plus some information about the programme reported) but not know responses (theme tune familiar but no information about the programme reported). Thus the analysis provides further converging evidence that knowing can remain invariant across manipulations that reduce the level of remembering.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Cognition in old age, Memory -- Age factors , Recollection (Psychology), Television music|
|Journal or Publication Title:||British Journal of Psychology|
|Publisher:||John Wiley & Sons Ltd.|
|Page Range:||pp. 21-25|
|References:||Cohen, G., Conway, M. A. & Maylor, E.A. (1994). Flashbulb memories in older adults. Psychology and Aging, 9, 454-463. Craik, F. I. M. & Jennings, J. M. (1992). Human memory. In F. I. M. Craik & T. A. Salthouse (Eds), The Handbook of Aging and Cognition, pp. 51-110. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Gardiner, J. M. & Java, R. I. (1991). Forgetting in recognition memory with and without recollective experience. Memory and Cognition, 19, 617-623. Gardiner, J.M. & Java, R.I. (1993a). Recognising and remembering. In A.F. Collins, S.E. Gathercole, M. A. Conway & P. E. Morris (Eds), Theories of Memory, pp. 163-188. Hove, East Sussex: Erlbaum. Gardiner, J. M. & Java, R. I. (1993b). Recognition memory and awareness: An experiential approach. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 5, 337-346. Gardiner, J. M. & Parkin, A. J. (1990). Attention and recollective experience in recognition memory. Memory and Cognition, 18, 579-583. Java, R. I., Kaminska, Z. & Gardiner, J. M. (in press). Recognition memory and awareness for famous and obscure musical themes. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology. Mantyla, T. (1993). Knowing but not remembering: Adult age differences in recollective experience. Memory and Cognition, 21,379-388. Maylor, E. A. (1991). Recognizing and naming tunes: Memory impairment in the elderly. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 46, P207-217. Parkin, A. J. & Walter, B. M. (1992). Recollective experience, normal aging, and frontal dysfunction. Psychology and Aging, 7, 290-298. Salthouse, T. A. (1991). Theoretical Perspectives on Cognitive Aging. Hillsdale, N J: Erlbaum. Tulving, E. (1985). Memory and consciousness. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 26, 1-12.|
Actions (login required)