Corrugated webs and lateral restraints in plate girders for bridges
Cafolla, Janka (1995) Corrugated webs and lateral restraints in plate girders for bridges. PhD thesis, University of Warwick.
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Official URL: http://webcat.warwick.ac.uk/record=b1400714~S1
In the thesis two problems have been studied: the first one is the use of corrugated
webs in plate girders for composite bridges; the second one is the study of lateral
restraints in composite bridges.
In structural design corrugated webs are frequently used in beams for buildings in
Sweden. They have also been used in four bridges in France and two in Japan. The
shear stresses of corrugated panels were the main subject of previous studies. This
thesis deals with local flange buckling of beams with corrugated webs. Computer
analyses give a ratio of areas for use in design of the compressed flange. The validity
of this ratio is confirmed by experimental work undertaken on five specimens (two
of them loaded by bending only; three loaded by a combination of bending and
shear). The interaction between the local buckling of the flange and web buckling
is examined. A formula for calculating the effective shear modulus is given. The
possible methods of fabrication of a cambered beam with a corrugated web are shown
here and the problems which could arise are discussed. There is also a comparison
between the design of an existing bridge and a new design where a plane web in a
plate girder is replaced by a corrugated web.
The second part of the thesis contains computational investigations of the lateral
restraints in composite plate girder bridges. This method of investigation is more
appropriate than laboratory testing, due to the difficulty of fabricating steelwork
to maximum permitted imperfections. Numerical elastic finite element analyses
with geometric non—linear facilities are used on a relevant part of the structure (a
compressed flange) that has the maximum allowed geometric imperfections. The F—
forces in elastic lateral restraints modelled by spring elements are then determined.
This study concentrates particularly on design forces for bracings at the supports of
simply—supported and continuous composite UB and plate girder bridges.
|Item Type:||Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Plate girders -- Design and construction, Plate girder bridges -- Design and construction, Composite construction|
|Official Date:||December 1995|
|Institution:||University of Warwick|
|Theses Department:||School of Engineering|
|Supervisor(s)/Advisor:||Johnson, R. P. (Roger Paul)|
|Sponsors:||Steel Construction Institute (Great Britain)|
|Extent:||xxxiv, 275 leaves|
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