The role of the accused in English and Islamic criminal justice
Farrar, Salim (1999) The role of the accused in English and Islamic criminal justice. PhD thesis, University of Warwick.
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Official URL: http://webcat.warwick.ac.uk/record=b1367746~S1
This thesis is a comparative study of the role of the accused in the systems of
English and Islamic criminal justice. It seeks to explore the underlying
relationship between the individual and the state through an historical, structural
and contextual analysis of their rules relating to questioning and of confessions.
The analysis of the English system covers the period 1800 to 1984, with
particular reference to developments during the nineteenth century when the
foundations for the modern English state were established. The analysis of the
Islamic system combines traditionally Islamic and modern methods, assessing the
"Islamisation" movement in Malaysia through a religico-structural understanding
of juristic opinion from the four main schools of Sunnite jurisprudence.
The thesis contributes to existing knowledge on a number of levels: first, it
questions and revises the "myth" of "progress" that has dominated observations
of the history of the English criminal justice system; second, it elucidates the
relationship between Islamic law in theory and the law that is applied and
proposed in its name in Muslim states; third, it provides an analytical framework
for drawing comparisons between the underlying values of the systems of English
and Islamic criminal justice.
While acknowledging fundamental differences in terms of outlook and
articulation, the author concludes there are important similarities expressed
through such notions as "suspect" in the English system and "kafir"I"fasiq" in the
Islamic. These act as intermediate constitutional categories to whom the state
owe less protection. But the author notes also that these similarities are not
observed necessarily in the "law" which is implemented or proposed in Muslim
states; exact correspondence depends upon the over-arching political structure
and the institution of Caliphate.
The thesis is divided into six chapters: chapter one sets out the conventional view
of the historical development of English criminal procedure and evidence;
chapter two subjects that to a critique and chapter three offers a revised thesis.
Chapter four, explores methods for interpreting and explaining Islam; chapter
five sets out rules relating to confessions and questioning according to the four
Sunni schools; chapter six puts them into "context" through an examination of
the "Islamisation" process in Malaysia.
|Item Type:||Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)|
|Subjects:||K Law > KBP Islamic law
K Law > KD England and Wales
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Criminal justice, Administration of -- Great Britain -- History -- 19th century, Criminal justice, Administration of -- Great Britain -- History -- 20th century, Criminal justice, Administration of (Islamic law)|
|Official Date:||October 1999|
|Institution:||University of Warwick|
|Theses Department:||School of Law|
|Sponsors:||British Academy ; University of Warwick|
|Extent:||, 314 leaves|
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