Physiological and genetic control of the juvenile phase in plants
Matsoukas, Ioannis G., Massiah, Andrea J., Adams, S. R. (Steven R.), Jackson, Alison C., Valdes, V. M. and Thomas, Brian (2010) Physiological and genetic control of the juvenile phase in plants. In: 5th EPSO Conference Plants For Life 2010, Olos, Finland, 18-22 April 2010. Published in: 5th EPSO Conference Book of Abstracts p. 67.
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One of the distinguishable plant developmental events is the transition from the vegetative to reproductive phase of development. This stage is preceded by the juvenile to adult transition within the vegetative phase. During the
juvenile phase plants are incompetent to initiate reproductive development and are effectively insensitive to photoperiod. With the change to the adult phase, plants attain competence to respond to floral inducers, which is
required for the transition to reproductive phase. This study exploits Antirrhinum and Arabidopsis as model systems to understand the genetic and environmental factors that regulate floral incompetence during the juvenile phase. A physiological assay has been developed that allows the length of the juvenile phase to be measured and has provided a platform for several different approaches. Determinants such as irradiance and [CO2] have been found to be key modifiers of the juvenile phase in Antirrhinum. A relationship between photosynthetic assimilate levels and vegetative phase transition has been revealed by analysis of
carbohydrates in plants at defined developmental stages. Experimental data suggest that carbohydrate levels may be required to reach a specific threshold before plants undergo the transition from a juvenile to an adult
phase of vegetative growth. This may be necessary in order to sustain a steady supply of sugars for sufficient bulk flow from the leaves to the shoot apical meristem, via the phloem, to enable delivery of florigen, which thus
renders the shoot apical meristem competent to flower.
Determination of the juvenile phase in Arabidopsis mutants impaired in different genetic pathways has shown that multiple inputs influence the timing of the vegetative phase transition. Carbohydrates have been demonstrated to be involved possibly through their function as nutrients or
signals or by their interaction with hormones. Physiological analysis of flowering time mutants has shown that a variety of signals act to promote and enable the juvenile to adult phase transition that involves both floral
activators and repressors.
|Item Type:||Conference Item (Poster)|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QK Botany
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- )
Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- ) > Warwick HRI (2004-2010)
|Journal or Publication Title:||5th EPSO Conference Book of Abstracts|
|Publisher:||European Plant Science Organisation|
|Official Date:||April 2010|
|Page Range:||p. 67|
|Status:||Not Peer Reviewed|
|Funder:||Great Britain. Dept. for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA), Hellenic State Scholarships Foundation (HSSF)|
|Grant number:||HH3728SX (DEFRA),|
|Conference Paper Type:||Poster|
|Title of Event:||5th EPSO Conference Plants For Life 2010|
|Type of Event:||Conference|
|Location of Event:||Olos, Finland|
|Date(s) of Event:||18-22 April 2010|
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