Individual differences in the perception of similarity and difference
Simmons, Sabrina and Estes, Zachary, 1973-. (2008) Individual differences in the perception of similarity and difference. Cognition, Vol.108 (No.3). pp. 781-795. ISSN 0010-0277
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2008.07.003 ...
Thematically related concepts like coffee and milk are judged to be more similar than thematically unrelated concepts like coffee and lemonade. We investigated whether thematic relations exert a small effect that occurs consistently across participants (i.e., a generalized model), or a large effect that occurs inconsistently across participants (i.e., an individualized model). We also examined whether difference judgments mirrored similarity or whether these judgments were, in fact, non-inverse. Five studies demonstrated the necessity of an individualized model for both perceived similarity and difference, and additionally provided evidence that thematic relations affect similarity more than difference. Results suggest that models of similarity and difference must be attuned to large and consistent individual variability in the weighting of thematic relations.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Cognition, Selectivity (Psychology)|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Cognition|
|Official Date:||21 August 2008|
|Page Range:||pp. 781-795|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
Barsalou, L. W. (1982). Context-independent and context-dependent information in concepts. Memory & Cognition, 10, 82-93.
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