Spelling-to-sound effects in single-word reading
Brown, G. D. A. (Gordon D. A.) and Watson, Frances L.. (1994) Spelling-to-sound effects in single-word reading. British Journal of Psychology, Vol.85 (No.2). pp. 181-202. ISSN 00071269Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8295.1994.tb02518...
Computational modelling of word-naming processes has suggested that the frequency of spelling-to-sound correspondence facilitates print-to-sound translation time and has given rise to predictions that are supported by empirical data (Brown, 1987 a). This contrasts with earlier claims that regularity is the only spelling-to-sound correspondence attribute that determines word-naming time. Here we report further evidence for the effects of the frequency of spelling-to-sound correspondences on word-naming latency. Experiment 1 excludes alternative, orthographic neighbourhood interpretations of the putative spelling-to-sound effects. Experiment 2 shows that a word's number of rhymes does not affect naming latency for that word, thus excluding explanations in terms of output phonology. Experiment 3 replicates earlier findings that a word's spelling-to-sound enemies, as well as friends, determine naming latency. Thus both the regularity and the frequency of spelling-to-sound correspondences influence word-naming time. The implications for models of oral reading processes are explored.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Phonetics, Reading, Psychology of, Computational linguistics, Oral reading|
|Journal or Publication Title:||British Journal of Psychology|
|Publisher:||John Wiley & Sons Ltd.|
|Page Range:||pp. 181-202|
|Funder:||Medical Research Council (Great Britain) (MRC), Economic and Social Research Council (Great Britain) (ESRC), Leverhulme Trust (LT)|
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