Low serum vitamin D levels and tuberculosis : a systematic review and meta-analysis
Nnoaham, K. E and Clarke, Aileen, 1955-. (2008) Low serum vitamin D levels and tuberculosis : a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Epidemiology, Vol.37 (No.1). pp. 113-119. ISSN 0300-5771Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dym247
Objective: To explore the association between low serum vitamin D and risk of active tuberculosis in humans.
Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
Data sources: Observational studies published between 1980 and July 2006 (identified through Medline) that examined the association between low serum vitamin D and risk of active tuberculosis.
Results: For the review, seven papers were eligible from 151 identified in the search. The pooled effect size in random effects meta-analysis was 0.68 with 95% CI 0.43–0.93. This ‘medium to large’ effect represents a probability of 70% that a healthy individual would have higher serum vitamin D level than an individual with tuberculosis if both were chosen at random from a population. There was little heterogeneity between the studies.
Conclusions: Low serum vitamin D levels are associated with higher risk of active tuberculosis. Although more prospectively designed studies are needed to firmly establish the direction of this association, it is more likely that low body vitamin D levels increase the risk of active tuberculosis. In view of this, the potential role of vitamin D supplementation in people with tuberculosis and hypovitaminosis D-associated conditions like chronic kidney disease should be evaluated.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Health Sciences > Population, Evidence & Technologies (PET) > Warwick Evidence
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Health Sciences
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Vitamin D deficiency, Tuberculosis -- Pathogenesis, Systematic reviews (Medical research), Meta-analysis|
|Journal or Publication Title:||International Journal of Epidemiology|
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Official Date:||February 2008|
|Page Range:||pp. 113-119|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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