Modelling the effects of the weather on admissions to UK trauma units : a cross-sectional study
Parsons, Nicholas R., Odumenya, M. (Michelle), Edwards, Antoinette, Lecky, Fiona and Pattison, Giles. (2011) Modelling the effects of the weather on admissions to UK trauma units : a cross-sectional study. Emergency Medicine Journal, Vol.28 (No.10). pp. 851-855. ISSN 1472-0205
WRAP_Emerg_Med_J-2011-Parsons-851-5.pdf - Published Version
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/emj.2010.091058
Objective To assess the relationship between daily trauma admissions and observed weather variables, using data from the Trauma Audit and Research Network of England and Wales and the UK Meteorological Office.
Design A cross-sectional study.
Setting Twenty-one accident and emergency departments (ED) located across England.
Participants All patients arriving at one of the selected ED, with a subsequent death, inpatient stay of greater than 3 days, interhospital transfer or requiring critical care between 1 January 1996 and 31 December 2006.
Main Outcome Measures Daily counts of adult and paediatric trauma admissions.
Results Multivariate regression analysis indicated that there were strong seasonal trends in paediatric (χ2 likelihood ratio test p<0.001), and adult (p=0.016) trauma admissions. For adults, each rise of 5°C in the maximum daily temperature and each additional 2 h of sunshine caused increases in trauma admissions of 1.8% and 1.9%. Effects in the paediatric group were considerably larger, with similar increases in temperature and hours of sunshine causing increases in trauma admissions of 10% and 6%. Each drop of 5°C in the minimum daily temperature, eg, due to a severe night time frost, caused adult trauma admissions to increase by 3.2%. Also the presence of snow increased adult trauma admissions by 7.9%.
Conclusion This is the largest study of its kind to investigate and quantify the relationship between trauma admissions and the weather. The results show clear associations that have direct application for planning and resource management in UK ED.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Health Sciences
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Hospitals -- Emergency services -- Great Britain, Weather -- Physiological effect|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Emergency Medicine Journal|
|Publisher:||B M J Group|
|Official Date:||October 2011|
|Page Range:||pp. 851-855|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Great Britain. National Health Service (NHS)|
1. Masterton E, Borton D, O’Brien T. Victims of our climate. Injury 1993;24:247e8.
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