Towards understanding the photochemistry of tyrosine
Iqbal, Azhar (2010) Towards understanding the photochemistry of tyrosine. PhD thesis, University of Warwick.
WRAP_THESIS_Iqbal_2010.pdf - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://webcat.warwick.ac.uk/record=b2339326~S15
The H-atom detachment driven through the 1πσ* states of biological chromophores containing an X-H bond (where X = N or O) upon UV absorption is ubiquitous in nature. Understanding the role of this dissociative state in the chromophores and their respective amino acids following UV excitation would enable a step change towards establishing a better understanding of the mechanisms of photostability of larger peptides in the gas-phase. The work presented in this thesis focuses on the H-atom elimination of phenol and indole, the chromophores of the amino acids tyrosine and tryptophan, respectively. The H-atom elimination has also been carried out in tyrosine and its sub-units p-ethylphenol and tyramine upon excitation at 200 nm. In all these systems the O-H bond fission on the phenol ring results in a range of H-atoms kinetic energy release. Using a combination of femtosecond pump-probe spectroscopy, time-offlight mass spectroscopy (TOF-MS) and velocity map ion imaging (VMI) reveals that H-atom elimination in all these systems occurs on an ultrafast timescale (~200 fs) for both fast and slow H-atoms. This casts considerable doubt over the previously assigned statistical origin of the slow H-atoms and suggests direct pathways to their formation. The H-atom kinetic energy spectrum in tyrosine also implies that H-atom elimination is occurring through the same coordinate i.e. O-H bond as exhibited by it’s phenol chromophore, thus confirming the active participation of the 1πσ* states from the chromophore of the amino acid to the amino acid itself. These findings are of great importance enabling one to compare these results with existing calculations on the chromophores which often model the system in an isolated environment. These results also provide ground work for more complex calculation to be carried out, in particular on the amino acids and the di/tri peptides.
|Item Type:||Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Hydrogen, Phenol, Indole, Tyrosine, Tryptophan, Ultraviolet radiation, Photochemistry|
|Institution:||University of Warwick|
|Theses Department:||Department of Chemistry|
|Extent:||218 leaves : ill., charts|
Actions (login required)