Similarity and attraction effects in episodic memory judgments
Maylor, Elizabeth A. and Roberts, Matthew A. J.. (2007) Similarity and attraction effects in episodic memory judgments. Cognition, Vol.105 (No.3). pp. 715-723. ISSN 0010-0277
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2006.12.002 ...
In the decision-making literature, it is known that preferences between two options can be influenced in different ways by the introduction of a third option. We investigated whether such influences could be demonstrated when making decisions about qualitative aspects of episodic memories. In a baseline condition, participants were asked which of two dissimilar events they remembered more vividly: (A) a well-known Olympic victory, or (B) the death of a well-known public figure. In two further conditions, a third event was added: (C) an Olympic victory similar and competitive to A, or (D) an Olympic victory similar but inferior to A. With the addition of C, participants were less likely to choose A than B (similarity effect), whereas with the addition of D, they were more likely to choose A than B (attraction effect), suggesting that effects known in decision-making can be generalised to relative judgments about episodic memories.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Decision making -- Research, Memory, Similarity judgement, Recollection (Psychology), Perception -- Research|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Cognition|
|Date:||16 January 2007|
|Page Range:||pp. 715-723|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
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