Gender and sexual orientation differences in cognition across adulthood : age is kinder to women than to men regardless of sexual orientation
Maylor, Elizabeth A., Reimers, Stian, Choi, Jean, Collaer, Marcia, Peters, Michael and Silverman, Irwin. (2007) Gender and sexual orientation differences in cognition across adulthood : age is kinder to women than to men regardless of sexual orientation. Archives of Sexual Behavior , Vol.36 (No.2). pp. 235-249. ISSN 0004-0002
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-006-9155-y
Despite some evidence of greater age-related deterioration of the brain in males than in females, gender differences in rates of cognitive aging have proved inconsistent. The present study employed web-based methodology to collect data from people aged 20-65 years (109,612 men; 88,509 women). As expected, men outperformed women on tests of mental rotation and line angle judgment, whereas women outperformed men on tests of category fluency and object location memory. Performance on all tests declined with age but significantly more so for men than for women. Heterosexuals of each gender generally outperformed bisexuals and homosexuals on tests where that gender was superior; however, there were no clear interactions between age and sexual orientation for either gender. At least for these particular tests from young adulthood to retirement, age is kinder to women than to men, but treats heterosexuals, bisexuals, and homosexuals just the same.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Cognition, Gender , Sexual orientation, Aging, Cognition|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Archives of Sexual Behavior|
|Official Date:||10 March 2007|
|Page Range:||pp. 235-249|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
Aartsen, M. J., Martin, M., & Zimprich, D. (2004). Gender differences in level and change in cognitive functioning: Results from the longitudinal aging study Amsterdam. Gerontology, 50, 35-38.
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