The potter’s skill : perceptions of workmanship in the English ceramic industries, 1760-1800
Smith, Kate Esther, 1981- (2010) The potter’s skill : perceptions of workmanship in the English ceramic industries, 1760-1800. PhD thesis, University of Warwick.
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This thesis focuses on perceptions of workmanship in the English porcelain and earthenware industries between 1760 and 1800. Research by Berg and Clifford has demonstrated a new interest in and valuation of workmanship by contemporaries in the eighteenth century. Yet little is known of what contemporaries understood workmanship to mean, or be. This thesis argues that understandings of workmanship affected both the consumption and production practices of eighteenth-century contemporaries. It does so by concentrating on six groups of people – industrial tourists, consumers, retailers, designers, manufacturers and workers. It demonstrates the different ways in which contemporaries perceived hand skills and tacit knowledge by examining a range of sources such as letters, prints, trade cards, travel accounts and objects. This thesis concludes that meanings of ‘workmanship’ - that combination of effort, work and skill - were shifting in the second half of the eighteenth century. For those not employed in manufacturing, reading manuals, seeing production in action and handling objects all challenged their ideas of workmanship. These experiences encouraged contemporaries to question the meaning of innovative products and the manufacturing techniques used to make them. Similarly, in manufacturing the development of the design process and the demands of novelty and standardisation forced manufacturers, designers and modellers to ask how to achieve ‘excellent workmanship’. At the same time, workers understood and valued their work in different terms – as a hard-won, social and physical skill. This thesis argues that for eighteenth-century contemporaries ‘workmanship’ was a complex idea, under challenge from developments in production and consumption. In so doing it moves the interlinked history of manufacturing and consumption away from the extant debates of economic historians and into a different sub-disciplinary space, namely cultural history; a space that has tended to neglect the cultural aspects of production.
|Item Type:||Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)|
|Subjects:||D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Ceramic industries -- Great Britain -- History -- 18th century, Workmanship -- Great Britain -- History -- 18th century|
|Institution:||University of Warwick|
|Theses Department:||Department of History|
|Supervisor(s)/Advisor:||Berg, Maxine, 1950-|
|Sponsors:||University of Warwick ; Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum ; Royal Historical Society (Great Britain) ; Economic History Society ; University of Warwick. Humanities Research Centre ; University of Warwick. Dept. of History|
|Extent:||v, 292 leaves : ill.|
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