Coevolving parasites enhance the diversity-decreasing effect of dispersal
Vogwill, T., Fenton, A. and Brockhurst, M. A.. (2011) Coevolving parasites enhance the diversity-decreasing effect of dispersal. Biology Letters, Vol.7 (No.4). pp. 578-580. ISSN 1744-9561Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2011.0071
High dispersal rates between patches in spatially structured populations can impede diversification and homogenize diversity. These homogenizing effects of dispersal are likely to be enhanced by coevolving parasites that impose strong selection on hosts for resistance. However, the interactive effects of dispersal and parasites on host diversification have never been tested. We used spatially structured, experimental populations of the bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens, cultured with or without the phage SBW25 Phi 2 under three levels of dispersal (none, localized or global), and quantified diversity in terms of evolved bacterial colony morphologies after approximately 100 bacterial generations. We demonstrate that higher levels of colony morphology richness evolved in the presence of phage, and that dispersal reduced diversity most strongly in the presence of phage. Thus, our results suggest that, while parasites can drive host diversification, host populations coevolving with parasites are more prone to homogenization through dispersal.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QL Zoology
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- )|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Coevolution, Parasites, Host-parasite relationships, Biodiversity, Adaptive radiation (Evolution)|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Biology Letters|
|Official Date:||23 August 2011|
|Page Range:||pp. 578-580|
|Funder:||Natural Environment Research Council (Great Britain) (NERC) , Royal Society (Great Britain)|
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