Sex differences in semantic categorization
Pasterski, Vickie, Zwierzynska, Karolina and Estes, Zachary, 1973-. (2011) Sex differences in semantic categorization. Archives of Sexual Behavior , Vol.40 (No.6). pp. 1183-1187. ISSN 0004-0002
WRAP_Estes_0484043-ps-161111-pasterski_et_al_preprint.pdf - Accepted Version - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-011-9764-y
Sex differences in certain cognitive abilities, including aspects of semantic processing, are well established. However, there have been no reports investigating a sex difference in semantic categorization. A total of 55 men and 58 women each judged 25 exemplars of natural categories (e.g., fruits) and 25 of artifact categories (e.g., tools) as a nonmember, partial member, or full member of the given category. Participants also rated confidence for each judgment. Women provided a greater number of vague (partial member) judgments whereas men provided more inclusive (full member) judgments of artifacts but more exclusive (nonmember) judgments of natural categories. The sex difference in vagueness was observed across domains (Cohen’s d = .56). Confidence predicted categorization among both men and women, such that more confident participants exhibited fewer vague category judgments. However, men and women were equally confident in their category judgments, and confidence failed to explain the sex difference in categorization. Men and women appear to categorize the same common objects in systematically different ways.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Cognition -- Sex differences|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Archives of Sexual Behavior|
|Official Date:||December 2011|
|Page Range:||pp. 1183-1187|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||University of Warwick|
Barbarotto, R., Laiacona, M., Macchi, V., & Capitani, E. (2002). Picture reality decision, semantic categories and gender: A new set of pictures, with norms and an experimental study. Neuropsychologia, 40, 1637-1653.
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