Applications of dynamical systems with symmetry
Ashwin, Peter Brian (1991) Applications of dynamical systems with symmetry. PhD thesis, University of Warwick.
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Official URL: http://webcat.warwick.ac.uk/record=b1409534~S15
This thesis examines the application of symmetric dynamical systems theory to
two areas in applied mathematics: weakly coupled oscillators with symmetry, and
bifurcations in flame front equations.
After a general introduction in the first chapter, chapter 2 develops a theoretical
framework for the study of identical oscillators with arbitrary symmetry group under an
assumption of weak coupling. It focusses on networks with 'all to all' Sn coupling. The
structure imposed by the symmetry on the phase space for weakly coupled oscillators
with Sn, Zn or Dn symmetries is discussed, and the interaction of internal symmetries
and network symmetries is shown to cause decoupling under certain conditions.
Chapter 3 discusses what this implies for generic dynamical behaviour of coupled
oscillator systems, and concentrates on application to small numbers of oscillators (three
or four). We find strong restrictions on bifurcations, and structurally stable heteroclinic
Following this, chapter 4 reports on experimental results from electronic oscillator
systems and relates it to results in chapter 3. In a forced oscillator system, breakdown
of regular motion is observed to occur through break up of tori followed by a symmetric
bifurcation of chaotic attractors to fully symmetric chaos.
Chapter 5 discusses reduction of a system of identical coupled oscillators to phase
equations in a weakly coupled limit, considering them as weakly dissipative Hamiltonian
oscillators with very weakly coupling. This provides a derivation of example phase
equations discussed in chapter 2. Applications are shown for two van der Pol-Duffing
oscillators in the case of a twin-well potential.
Finally, we turn our attention to the Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation. Chapter 6
starts by discussing flame front equations in general, and non-linear models in particular.
The Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation on a rectangular domain with simple
boundary conditions is found to be an example of a large class of systems whose linear
behaviour gives rise to arbitrarily high order mode interactions.
Chapter 7 presents computation of some of these mode interactions using competerised
Liapunov-Schmidt reduction onto the kernel of the linearisation, and investigates
the bifurcation diagrams in two parameters.
|Item Type:||Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QA Mathematics|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Dynamics, Nonlinear oscillators, Bifurcation theory|
|Official Date:||September 1991|
|Institution:||University of Warwick|
|Theses Department:||Mathematics Institute|
|Supervisor(s)/Advisor:||Stewart, Ian, 1945- ; King, Greg|
|Sponsors:||British Gas Corporation|
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