The initialization and manipulation of quantum information stored in silicon by bismuth dopants
Morley, G. W., Warner, M., Stoneham, A. M., Greenland, P. T., Tol, J. (Johan) van, Kay, C. W. M. (Chris W. M.) and Aeppli, Gabriel. (2010) The initialization and manipulation of quantum information stored in silicon by bismuth dopants. Nature Materials, Vol.9 (No.9). pp. 725-729. ISSN 1476-1122Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nmat2828
A prerequisite for exploiting spins for quantum data storage and processing is long spin coherence times. Phosphorus dopants in silicon (Si:P) have been favoured1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 as hosts for such spins because of measured electron spin coherence times (T2) longer than any other electron spin in the solid state: 14 ms at 7 K with isotopically purified silicon11. Heavier impurities such as bismuth in silicon (Si:Bi) could be used in conjunction with Si:P for quantum information proposals that require two separately addressable spin species12, 13, 14, 15. However, the question of whether the incorporation of the much less soluble Bi into Si leads to defect species that destroy coherence has not been addressed. Here we show that schemes involving Si:Bi are indeed feasible as the electron spin coherence time T2 is at least as long as for Si:P with non-isotopically purified silicon. We polarized the Si:Bi electrons and hyperpolarized the I=9/2 nuclear spin of 209Bi, manipulating both with pulsed magnetic resonance. The larger nuclear spin means that a Si:Bi dopant provides a 20-dimensional Hilbert space rather than the four-dimensional Hilbert space of an I=1/2 Si:P dopant.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QC Physics|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Physics|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Semiconductors, Silicon, Nanosilicon, Nanostructured materials|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Nature Materials|
|Publisher:||Nature Publishing Group|
|Official Date:||August 2010|
|Page Range:||pp. 725-729|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), Research Councils UK (RCUK), Royal Society (Great Britain)|
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