Identification of active bacteria involved in decomposition of complex maize and soybean residues in a tropical Vertisol using 15N-DNA stable isotope probing
España, Mingrelia, Rasche, Frank, Kandeler, Ellen, Brune, Thomas, Rodriguez, Belkis, Bending, G. D. (Gary D.) and Cadisch, G. (Georg). (2011) Identification of active bacteria involved in decomposition of complex maize and soybean residues in a tropical Vertisol using 15N-DNA stable isotope probing. Pedobiologia, Vol.54 (No.3). pp. 187-193. ISSN 0031-4056Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedobi.2011.03.001
As limited information is available about the relationship between microbial processes and community structure in tropical soils, we used (15)N-DNA stable isotope probing ((15)N-DNA-SIP) to identify bacteria actively involved in decomposition of plant residues of different biochemical quality. (15)N-labeled (90 atom%) and unlabeled (control) maize (C-to-N ratio: 32; cellulose content: 24.9%) and soybean (15; 15.5%) leaf residues were incubated in a tropical Vertisol for 15 days. Soil DNA was isolated, subjected to (15)N-DNA-SIP and buoyant density-resolved DNA fractions were analyzed by 16S rRNA gene-based denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis and sequencing of selected DGGE bands. Residue addition induced new bands and changed relative intensity of already existing bands in (15)N-enriched SIP fractions. Phylogenetic analysis of selected, cloned DGGE bands from 'heaviest' (15)N-enriched fractions (57.8 atom% (maize), 87.1 atom% (soybean)) revealed that soils treated with maize residues were dominated by Pseudonocardia sp., while Arthrobacter sp. and Streptomyces sp. were found in the soybean residue treated soils. Sequences related to Bacillus sp. and Saccharopolyspora sp. were found in both organic residue treatments. Our study gave clear evidence that (15)N-DNA-SIP combined with 16S rRNA gene-based community fingerprinting of density-resolved fractions and an unlabeled control was suited for detecting active bacteria involved in decomposition of complex maize and soybean residues. In conclusion, we could show that residue quality, inducing contrasting N assimilation by decomposing bacteria, was a substantial determinant of certain decomposing community members assayed in this study.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QR Microbiology
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Physics|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Biodegradation, Bacteria, Vertisols, Molecular probes, Stable isotopes in ecological research, Stable isotopes in soil fertility research|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Pedobiologia|
|Publisher:||Urban und Fischer Verlag|
|Page Range:||pp. 187-193|
|Funder:||Fondo Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (Venezuela) (FONACIT), Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agrícolas (Venezuela) (INIA)|
Actions (login required)