Resource allocation and the origin of flavour precursors in onion bulbs
Mallor, C. and Thomas, Brian. (2008) Resource allocation and the origin of flavour precursors in onion bulbs. Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, Vol.83 (No.2). pp. 191-198. ISSN 1462-0316Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://www.jhortscib.org/Vol83/83_2/10.htm
The effect of day-length on the synthesis and distribution of flavour precursors in onion (Allium cepa L. cv. Renate F1) was studied by growing onions under different photoperiod conditions: SD (short-days), LD (long-days; obtained by extending the SD treatment with incandescent light), or NC (natural long-day conditions). Plants showed a strong bulbing response to the photoperiod regime. Plants in NC and LD formed bulbs, while those under SD did not form bulbs and continued to produce foliage leaves. It was possible to distinguish between the effects of daylength on bulb initiation and development, and light integral on yield. During plant growth, the pattern of accumulation of S-alk(en)yl-L-cysteine sulphoxide (ACSO) flavour precursors differed depending on the growth conditions. Under NC and LD, an increase in ACSO concentrations in the leaves in early development was followed by a decline in the leaves and a simultaneous increase in the bulbs after plants started bulbing. There was little evidence of inter-conversion between ACSOs during their translocation from leaves to bulbs, suggesting that ACSOs are transported directly. Plants continued to synthesise and accumulate flavour precursors in their leaves in SD, resulting in higher overall levels than in LD. Measurements of dry weight, sulphur and nitrogen contents, showed a redistribution from leaves to bulbs during bulb formation in LD and NC. The results confirmed that the leaf is the major site of precursor synthesis, and strongly support the proposal that the flavour precursors in bulb scales originated in the leaves, and were redistributed in the plant as part of the reallocation of resources that takes place during bulb formation.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QK Botany|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- ) > Warwick HRI (2004-2010)|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Bulbs (Plant anatomy), Onion sets, Flavor -- Analysis, Plant resource allocation|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology|
|Publisher:||Headley Bros. Ltd.|
|Official Date:||March 2008|
|Page Range:||pp. 191-198|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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