When being right is not enough : four-year-olds distinguish knowledgeable informants from merely accurate informants
Einav, Shiri and Robinson, Elizabeth J.. (2011) When being right is not enough : four-year-olds distinguish knowledgeable informants from merely accurate informants. Psychological Science, Vol.22 (No.10). pp. 1250-1253. ISSN 0956-7976Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797611416998
Recent evidence demonstrates that children are selective in their social learning, preferring to learn from a previously accurate speaker than from a previously inaccurate one. We examined whether children assessing speakers’ reliability take into account how speakers achieved their prior accuracy. In Study 1, when faced with two accurate informants, 4- and 5-year-olds (but not 3-year-olds) were more likely to seek novel information from an informant who had previously given the answers unaided than from an informant who had always relied on help from a third party. Similarly, in Study 2, 4-year-olds were more likely to trust the testimony of an unaided informant over the testimony provided by an assisted informant. Our results indicate that when children reach around 4 years of age, their selective trust extends beyond simple generalizations based on informants’ past accuracy to a more sophisticated selectivity that distinguishes between truly knowledgeable informants and merely accurate informants who may not be reliable in the long term.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Cognition in children, Testimony (Theory of knowledge), Knowledge, Sociology of, Trust, Child development|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Psychological Science|
|Publisher:||Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.|
|Official Date:||October 2011|
|Page Range:||pp. 1250-1253|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
Birch, S. A. J., Vauthier, S. A., & Bloom, P. (2008). Three- and fouryear-
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