Finite element modelling and updating of a lively footbridge : the complete process
Živanović, Stana, Pavić, Aleksandar and Reynolds, Paul. (2007) Finite element modelling and updating of a lively footbridge : the complete process. Journal of Sound and Vibration, Vol.301 (No.1-2). pp. 126-145. ISSN 0022460X
WRAP_zivanovic_)0872117-es-221211-2007_jsv_sz.pdf - Accepted Version - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsv.2006.09.024
The finite element (FE) model updating technology was originally developed in the aerospace and mechanical engineering disciplines to automatically update numerical models of structures to match their experimentally measured counterparts. The process of updating identifies the drawbacks in the FE modelling and the updated FE model could be used to produce more reliable results in further dynamic analysis. In the last decade, the updating technology has been introduced into civil structural engineering. It can serve as an advanced tool for getting reliable modal properties of large structures. The updating process has four key phases: initial FE modelling, modal testing, manual model tuning and automatic updating (conducted using specialist software). However, the published literature does not connect well these phases, although this is crucial when implementing the updating technology. This paper therefore aims to clarify the importance of this linking and to describe the complete model updating process as applicable in civil structural engineering. The complete process consisting the four phases is outlined and brief theory is presented as appropriate. Then, the procedure is implemented on a lively steel box girder footbridge. It was found that even a very detailed initial FE model underestimated the natural frequencies of all seven experimentally identified modes of vibration, with the maximum error being almost 30%. Manual FE model tuning by trial and error found that flexible supports in the longitudinal direction should be introduced at the girder ends to improve correlation between the measured and FE-calculated modes. This significantly reduced the maximum frequency error to only 4%. It was demonstrated that only then could the FE model be automatically updated in a meaningful way. The automatic updating was successfully conducted by updating 22 uncertain structural parameters. Finally, a physical interpretation of all parameter changes is discussed. This interpretation is often missing in the published literature. It was found that the composite slabs were less stiff than originally assumed and that the asphalt layer contributed considerably to the deck stiffness.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Engineering|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Footbridges -- Mathematical models, Footbridges -- Vibration, Finite element method|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Sound and Vibration|
|Official Date:||20 March 2007|
|Page Range:||pp. 126-145|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Overseas Research Students Awards Scheme (ORSAS), Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)|
 Dallard, P., Fitzpatrick, T., Flint, A., Low, A., Ridsdill-Smith, R., Willford, M. and Roche, M.
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