Psychological type and religious orientation : do introverts and extraverts go to church for different reasons?
Francis, Leslie J., Robbins, Mandy and Murray, Laura. (2010) Psychological type and religious orientation : do introverts and extraverts go to church for different reasons? Mental Health, Religion & Culture, Vol.13 (No.7/8). pp. 821-827. ISSN 1367-4676
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13674670802207496
This study set out to profile an Anglican congregation in the south of England in terms of religious orientation, assessed by the New Indices of Religious Orientation, and in terms of psychological type, assessed by the Francis Psychological Type Scales, in order to test the hypothesis that motivation for church attendance (religious orientation) is related to personality (psychological type). The data demonstrated that this congregation (N = 65) displayed clear preferences for judging (72%) over perceiving (28%) and for sensing (62%) over intuition (39%), slight preference for extraversion (54%) over introversion (46%) and a fairly close balance between feeling (51%) and thinking (49%), and included attenders who reflected all three religious orientations: intrinsic, extrinsic, and quest. Moreover, extraverts recorded significantly higher scores than introverts on the measure of extrinsic religiosity, while introverts recorded significantly higher scores than extraverts on the measure of intrinsic religiosity, demonstrating a link between psychological type and religious orientation.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BR Christianity
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute of Education|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Church attendance -- Psychological aspects, Church of England -- Membership -- Psychological aspects, Christians -- Psychology|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Mental Health, Religion & Culture|
|Page Range:||pp. 821-827|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|References:||Allport, G. W. (1966). Religious context of prejudice. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 5, 447-457. Allport, G. W., & Ross, J. M. (1967). Personal religious orientation and prejudice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 5, 432-443. Batson, C. D. (1976). Religion as prosocial: Agent or double agent? Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 15, 29-45. Batson, C. D., & Ventis, W. L. (1982). The religious experience: A social psychological perspective. New York: Oxford University Press. Cronbach, L. J. (1951). Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. Psychometrika, 16, 297-334. Duncan, B. (1993). Pray your way: Your personality and God. London: Darton, Longman and Todd. Francis, L. J. (2005). Faith and psychology: Personality, religion and the individual. London: Darton, Longman and Todd. Francis, L. J. (2007). Introducing the New Indices of Religious Orientation (NIRO): Conceptualisation and measurement. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 10, 585-602. Francis, L. J., Duncan, B., Craig, C. L., & Luffman, G. (2004). Type patterns among Anglican congregations in England. Journal of Adult Theological Education, 1, 66-77. Francis, L. J., & Ross, C. F. J. (2000). Personality type and quest orientation of religiosity. Journal of Psychological Type, 55, 22-25. Francis, L. J., Village, A., Robbins, M., & Ineson, K. (2007). Mystical orientation and psychological type: An empirical study among guests staying at a Benedictine Abbey. Studies in Spirituality, 17, 207-223. Jung, C. G. (1971). Psychological types: The collected works, volume 6. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. Keirsey, D., & Bates, M. (1978). Please understand me. Del Mar, California: Prometheus Nemesis. Kendall, E. (1998). Myers-Briggs type indicator: Step 1 manual supplement. Palo Alto, California: Consulting Psychologists Press. Myers, I. B., & McCaulley, M. H. (1985). Manual: A guide to the development and use of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Palo Alto, California: Consulting Psychologists Press. Osborn, L., & Osborn, D. (1991). God’s diverse people. London: Daybreak. Saroglou, V. (2002). Religion and the five factors of personality: A meta-analytic review. Personality and Individual Differences, 32, 15-25.|
Actions (login required)