The disjunctive theory of perception
Soteriou, Matthew (2010) The disjunctive theory of perception. In: Zalta, Edward N., 1952-, (ed.) The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford, Conn.: Stanford University, Metaphysics Research Lab..Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2010/entries...
Perceptual experiences are often divided into the following three broad categories: veridical perceptions, illusions, and hallucinations. For example, when one has a visual experience as of a red object, it may be that one is really seeing an object and its red colour (veridical perception), that one is seeing a green object (illusion), or that one is not seeing an object at all (hallucination). Many maintain that the same account should be given of the nature of the conscious experience that occurs in each of these three cases. Those who hold a disjunctive theory of perception deny this. Disjunctivists typically reject the claim that the same kind of experience is common to all three cases because they hold views about the nature of veridical perception that are inconsistent with it.
Disjunctivists are often naïve realists, who hold that when one perceives the world, the mind-independent objects of perception, such as tables and trees, are constituents of one's experience. In other cases, such as hallucinations, it seems out of the question that such objects are constituents of one's experience. It follows that on a naïve realist view, the veridical perceptions and hallucinations in question have a different nature: the former have mind-independent objects as constituents, and the latter do not.
|Item Type:||Book Item|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Philosophy|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Perception (Philosophy), Knowledge, Theory of|
|Publisher:||Stanford University, Metaphysics Research Lab.|
|Place of Publication:||Stanford, Conn.|
|Book Title:||The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy|
|Editor:||Zalta, Edward N., 1952-|
|Official Date:||December 2010|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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