Personality and religious orientation : shifting sands or firm foundations?
Francis, Leslie J.. (2010) Personality and religious orientation : shifting sands or firm foundations? Mental Health, Religion & Culture, Vol.13 (No.7/8). pp. 793-803. ISSN 1367-4676
WRAP_Francis_190111-p_and_ro_apa.pdf - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13674670802187912
Beit-Hallami and Argyle (1997) concluded that individual differences in religiosity are inversely related to psychoticism but independent of extraversion and neuroticism. The aim of the present study is to test the generalisability of that conclusion within the context of Eysenck's dimensional model of personality by distinguishing between different conceptualisations of religiosity and by distinguishing between different overall levels of religiosity in the sample. A total of 517 undergraduate students in Wales completed the short-form of the Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire together with the New Indices of Religious Orientation. The data demonstrated that in the sample as a whole intrinsic religious orientation was associated with low psychoticism scores, but independent of extraversion scores and neuroticism scores; that extrinsic religious orientation was associated with low psychoticism scores and high neuroticism scores, but independent of extraversion scores; and that quest religious orientation was associated with high neuroticism scores and low extraversion scores, but independent of psychoticism scores. The pattern of relationships changed, however, when separate analyses were conducted among weekly churchgoers and among individuals who never attended church. These data suggest that the pattern of relationship between personality and religion may vary both according to the form of religiosity assessed and according to the samples being studied. The conclusion is drawn that Beit-Hallami and Argyle's conclusion is misleading unless nuanced in terms of the aspects of religiosity and the populations to which it applies.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BR Christianity
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute of Education ( -2013)|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Undergraduates -- Wales -- Psychology, Undergraduates -- Wales -- Religious life, Christians -- Psychology, Personality -- Religious aspects, Religiousness|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Mental Health, Religion & Culture|
|Official Date:||November 2010|
|Page Range:||pp. 793-803|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
Allport, G. W. (1966). Religious context of prejudice. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 5, 447-457.
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