Wages, unions, and labour productivity : evidence from Indian cotton mills
Gupta, Bishnupriya. (2011) Wages, unions, and labour productivity : evidence from Indian cotton mills. Economic History Review, Volume 64 (Supplement 1). pp. 76-98. ISSN 0013-0117
This is the latest version of this item.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0289.2010.00528.x...
Clark and Wolcott attribute the low productivity of Indian cotton textile workers to their preference for low work effort, and suggest that unions resisted an increase in work intensity. This article argues that low wages were due to surplus labour in agriculture. Low wages allowed the persistence of managerial inefficiencies and resulted in low productivity and work effort. It uses firm-level data from all the textile producing regions in India to examine the relationship between unions and labour productivity. The findings show that fewer workers were employed per machine in the unionized mills in Bombay and Ahmedabad, compared to the mills in less unionized regions. These findings suggest that unionization increased wages and compelled managers to raise productivity.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||D History General and Old World > DS Asia
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Cotton manufacture -- India, Textile workers -- India, Wages -- Textile workers -- India, Labor productivity -- India, Textile workers -- Labor unions -- India|
|Series Name:||Warwick economic research papers|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Economic History Review|
|Place of Publication:||Coventry|
|Number of Pages:||37|
|Page Range:||pp. 76-98|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Economic and Social Research Council (Great Britain) (ESRC)|
|Grant number:||R.ECAA 0039 (ESRC)|
|Version or Related Resource:||Gupta, B. (2006). Unions, wages and labour productivity: evidence from Indian cotton mills. [Coventry] : University of Warwick, Economics Department. (Warwick economic research papers, no.753). http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/id/eprint/1442|
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Unions, wages and labour productivity: evidence from Indian cotton mills. (deposited 11 Sep 2009 10:05)
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