The working men's club movement, 1862-1912 : a study of the evolution of a working class institution
Marlow, Laurence (1980) The working men's club movement, 1862-1912 : a study of the evolution of a working class institution. PhD thesis, University of Warwick.
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Official URL: http://webcat.warwick.ac.uk/record=b1751776~S15
This is a study of the working men's club movement from its foundation
in 1862 until its silver jubilee in 1912. The structure of the study
is as follows:-
INTRODUCTION: The basic themes addressed in the study are set out and
the method of investigation is discussed.
CHAPTER 1: This chapter reviews key themes in the development of the
club and the notion of 'clubbability' through a critical overview
of the role of the club in British society from the late seventeenth
century until the mid nineteenth century. Among issues given particular attention are the role of political factionalism in developing
the club, the exclusive character of membership and the strong but
not unchallenged stress upon the "maleness" of clubbability.
CHAPTER 2: This chapter evaluated the first twenty years of the
working men's club movement. It is shown that the club emerged as a
product of the rational leisure movement and the specific influences
which shaped the early years of the movement are discussed. This
section also sets out the basic features of the club and discusses
the ideology of paternalism which dominated the movement until the
CHAPTER 3: This section examines the development of the movement after
the "revolt" of the early 80's which democratised the Unions. Clubs were
now run by as well as for working men. It is also argued that despite
this break in organisational structure there was a strong degree of
continuity in the ideological concerns of the two eras of the movement.
In particular there was a great deal of agreement regarding the ideals
which club membership ought to set before the working man. It is also
argued in this section that the club movement had to monitor its
progress carefully in order tat its character as a national movement
would be maintained.
The following three chapters discuss crucial aspects of the internal
life of the clubs. The aspects selected not only affected the evolution
of particular clubs but also shaped the character and public imange of
the club movement.
CHAPTER 4: The issues raised by the supply of intoxicants in the
majority of clubs are discussed in this chapter. It is argued that
while the income generated by the sale of excisables produced a
valuable source of revenue for the clubs which helped to assure its
development the introduction of drink also had less beneficial
consequences. In particular the club became reviled as a "menace to
sobriety" and concerted attempts were made, led by the licensed trade
and tho temperance movement, to place the clubs under legislative
control. The history of that campaign is discussed and the role of
drink in club life evaluated.
CHAPTER 5: Educational work carried out in the club provides the
focus of this chapter. It is argued that despite much criticism club
education was more extensive and valuable than has been recognised.
Moreover the ideology of citizenship which inspired much of that educational work has to be understood if the character of the club movement
is to be appreciated.
CHAPTER 6: The facilities developed for the amusement of the members
are discussed. It is shown that clubs developed a varied and extensive
programme of entertainments. The debate in the movement regarding the
quality of club provision is also evaluated.
CONCLUSIONS: The main themes examined are reviewed. It is noted that
in objective terms the movement had made great progress from the humble
beginnings of 1862. However it is also noted that there was some debate
about the extent to which the ideals of clubbability had been realised.
|Item Type:||Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Working Men's Club and Institute Union -- History, Working-men's clubs -- Great Britain -- History -- 19th century, Working-men's clubs -- Great Britain -- History -- 20th century|
|Official Date:||May 1980|
|Institution:||University of Warwick|
|Theses Department:||Department of Social History|
|Supervisor(s)/Advisor:||Mason, Tony, 1938-|
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