The relative risk of nearside accidents is high for the youngest and oldest pedestrians
Dunbar, George (George L.). (2012) The relative risk of nearside accidents is high for the youngest and oldest pedestrians. Accident Analysis & Prevention, Vol.45 . pp. 517-521. ISSN 0001-4575Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2011.09.001
Police road accident data from Great Britain for 1990–2009 were analysed. RRNF is the risk of a casualty occurring in the first half of road crossing, the half nearest to the pedestrian‘s starting position at the roadside, compared to the risk of it occurring in the second half. Children and younger adult pedestrians had a high relative risk of being killed or seriously injured in the nearside of the road (RRNF). RRNF decreased with age, for men and women, but rose again for people aged over 85 years. It was also substantially lower for children under 10 years old. Three possible explanations for lifespan changes in RRNF were evaluated: that change results from slower walking speeds, from a specific failure to attend to the far side before beginning to cross, or from generalised attention control failure. Young people‘s higher RRNF is consistent with evidence that they are prone to generalised attention control failures.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Accident Analysis & Prevention|
|Official Date:||March 2012|
|Page Range:||pp. 517-521|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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