The ecology of young children’s behaviour and social competence : child characteristics, socio-economic factors and parenting
Hartas, Dimitra, 1966-. (2011) The ecology of young children’s behaviour and social competence : child characteristics, socio-economic factors and parenting. Oxford Review of Education, Vol.37 (No.6). pp. 763-783. ISSN 0305-4985
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03054985.2011.636226
Using a longitudinal, UK representative sample from the Millennium Cohort Study, the present study examined the effects of socio-economic factors on mother- and teacher-rated behaviour, and the unique and cumulative contribution of both risk and protective factors inherent in children’s proximal and distal influences to behaviour during the toddler years and at school entry. The findings showed that although family income, parental employment and maternal education had a significant moderate impact on child problem behaviour as rated in the home and school, when considered in the context of child characteristics and family processes their contribution was negligible, especially for income. In contrast, parenting practices and parental well-being emerged as good predictors of behavioural difficulties and prosocial behaviour at school entry, pointing to the importance of supporting parents in order to promote social competence in young children. These findings have implications for family policy.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute of Education ( -2013)|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Children -- Conduct of life, Behavior disorders in children, Parents -- Social conditions, Social skills in children, Child development|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Oxford Review of Education|
|Page Range:||pp. 763-783|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
Ayoub, C., O’Connor, E., Rappolt-Schlictmann, G., Vallotton, C., Raikes, H., and Chazan-Cohen, R. (2009) Cognitive skill performance among young children living in poverty: risk, change, and the promotive effects of early Head Start, Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 24 (3), 289-305. Barnett, M., Shanahan, L., Deng, M., Haskett, M., & Cox, M. (2010) Independent and interactive contributions of parenting behaviours and beliefs in the prediction of early childhood behaviour problems, Parenting: Science and Practice, 10, 43-59.
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