Comparative capitalisms, ideational political economy and French post-dirigiste responses to the global financial crisis
Clift, Ben. (2012) Comparative capitalisms, ideational political economy and French post-dirigiste responses to the global financial crisis. New Political Economy, Vol.17 (No.5). pp. 565-590. ISSN 1356-3467
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13563467.2012.636147
This article advances the case for the more systematic incorporation of ideational factors into comparative capitalisms analysis as a corrective to the rational choice proclivities of the Varieties of Capitalism approach. It demonstrates the pay-off of such an ideationally attuned approach through analysis of French capitalist restructuring over the last 25 years, placing it in comparative context. A modus operandi for such ideational explanation is elaborated through delineating different national conceptions of the market, and setting out their impacts on practices of market-making. The claim made in this article is that understanding the evolution of French capitalism requires recognition of the ongoing market-making role of the French State, in combination with the French conception of the market and its embedding within a social context characterised by the inter-penetration of public and private elitist networks of France's ‘financial network economy’ which remains substantially intact. The ideational dimension is crucial because French understandings of the market and competition, the ideational building blocks of market-making, inform French state interventions and leave footprints on French institutions and market structures, and the evolutionary trajectory of French capitalism. In charting this trajectory, this article deploys the concept of post-dirigisme. We map out the parameters and causes of the post-dirigiste condition in France through examination of French bond market development, privatisation, the shift from a government- to a market- dominated financial system, and French capitalism's internationalisation. It then uses post-dirigisme to explain French state responses to the financial crisis and the banking bailout, noting how state actors, in concert with the banking elites, actively facilitated dominant market positions of French international champions.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Politics and International Studies|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Capitalism -- France, France -- Economic policy, Global Financial Crisis, 2008-2009|
|Journal or Publication Title:||New Political Economy|
|Official Date:||March 2012|
|Page Range:||pp. 565-590|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
Abdelal, R., Blyth, M. & Parsons, C. (2010) ‘Constructing the International Economy’ in Abdelal, R., Blyth, M. & Parsons, C. (eds) Constructing the International Economy (Ithaca: Cornell University Press), pp. 1-20.
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