Translation and westernisation in Turkey (from the 1840s to the 1980s)
Berk, Özlem (1999) Translation and westernisation in Turkey (from the 1840s to the 1980s). PhD thesis, University of Warwick.
WRAP_THESIS_Berk_1999.pdf - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://webcat.warwick.ac.uk/record=b1368025~S15
This thesis examines the role and function translations played in Turkish history,
especially within the framework of its Westernisation movement from the mid-nineteenth
to the late twentieth centuries. A descriptive approach is adopted, aiming to identify
cultural patterns which shape and reflect translational decisions and help to a better
portrayal of the socio-cultural context of translation during the time span examined. To
this end, the thesis seeks to describe in detail historical, political, literary and linguistic
factors which have affected the translation activity.
The main assumption of this thesis is that acculturation was used as the main
strategy in translations from Western languages during the periods which were marked
with an extensive translation activity, especially during the nineteenth century and the first
decades of the Republican era. This acculturation strategy not only helped to enrich the
target literary system, bringing new literary models (genres), new subject matter,
developing the language and giving rise to a new Turkish literature, it also had an effect
upon the broader socio-cultural polysystem, especially on the process of identity creation.
The analysis of the social, political and cultural conditions and policies suggests
that the status given both to the source and target cultures has been the main factor for the
acculturation. As examined in the last part of the thesis, a shift of power relations in the
Turkish context, especially after the 1980s, marked a new kind of an acculturation
strategy and a certain movement of resistance.
The thesis concludes that there is need to know more about different translation
histories in order to learn more about the acculturation process and to move beyond a
Eurocentric view, and an interdisciplinary approach should be taken for such research.
|Item Type:||Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)|
|Subjects:||D History General and Old World > DR Balkan Peninsula
P Language and Literature > PL Languages and literatures of Eastern Asia, Africa, Oceania
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Literature -- Translations into Turkish, Turkish literature -- Western influences, Turkey -- History -- 19th century, Turkey -- History -- 20th century, Turkey -- Civilization -- 19th century, Turkey -- Civilization -- 20th century, Acculturation -- Turkey|
|Official Date:||June 1999|
|Institution:||University of Warwick|
|Theses Department:||Centre for Translation and Comparative Cultural Studies|
|Sponsors:||Turkey. Maarif Vekâleti [Ministry of Education]|
|Extent:||ix, 327 leaves|
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