Understanding dementia : a Wittgensteinian critique of models of dementia
Hughes, Julian C. (2000) Understanding dementia : a Wittgensteinian critique of models of dementia. PhD thesis, University of Warwick.
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Official URL: http://webcat.warwick.ac.uk/record=b1368403~S15
How are we to understand dementia? The main argument involves an analysis (in
Chapter 2) of intentional mental states, using Wittgenstein's discussion of rule-following,
which suggests that such states demonstrate an irreducible, transcendental normativity.
This externalist account of intentional mental states highlights the worldly embedding of
practices. In Chapters 3,4 and 5, this analysis is applied respectively to the disease,
cognitive neuropsychology and social constructionist models of dementia. Whilst
clinically and scientifically useful, none generates an adequate account of normativity.
The Wittgensteinian analysis supplies a constitutive (as opposed to causal) account that
supports the notion of dementia-in-the-world (Chapter 6). A full understanding of
dementia requires the human-person-perspective in order to accommodate all that
dementia amounts to in the normatively-constrained world.
The sub-plot considers our understanding of the person. Rather than the Locke-Parfit
view, which stresses psychological continuity, the Wittgensteinian analysis supports the
situated-embodied-agent view of the person (Chapters I and 6). This view and the
notion of the human-person-perspective are mutually supportive, so that main and subplot
both encourage a broader understanding.
The works of Wittgenstein have acted as a primary source, with secondary literature
commenting on his works. In discussing the models of dementia, I have cited primary
sources. I have also considered philosophical works pertinent to the particular models,
usually in connection with the mind-brain problem.
The thesis concludes that there is no single way to understand dementia, but any
understanding will be from the human-person-perspective, in accord with the situated-embodied-agent view and reflecting an externalist construal of intentional psychological
states. This has implications for further research in philosophy, medical ethics and
gerontology. The unique application of the Wittgensteinian philosophical analysis to
clinical reality suggests an approach to people with dementia that stresses personhood in
the context of embedded, embodied histories and continuing relationships with others.
|Item Type:||Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Dementia -- Philosophy, Wittgenstein, Ludwig, 1889-1951 -- Criticism and interpretation, Philosophy of mind|
|Official Date:||April 2000|
|Institution:||University of Warwick|
|Theses Department:||Department of Philosophy|
|Supervisor(s)/Advisor:||Thornton, Tim (Timothy) ; Fulford, K. W. M.|
|Extent:||x, 259 leaves|
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