Personality prior to disability determines adaptation : agreeable individuals recover lost life satisfaction faster and more completely
Boyce, Christopher J. and Wood, Alexander Mathew. (2011) Personality prior to disability determines adaptation : agreeable individuals recover lost life satisfaction faster and more completely. Psychological Science, Vol.22 (No.11). pp. 1397-1402. ISSN 0956-7976Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797611421790
Personality traits prior to the onset of illness or disability may influence how well an individual psychologically adjusts after the illness or disability has occurred. Previous research has shown that after the onset of a disability, people initially experience sharp drops in life satisfaction, and the ability to regain lost life satisfaction is at best partial. However, such research has not investigated the role of individual differences in adaptation to disability. We suggest that predisability personality determines the speed and extent of adaptation. We analyzed measures of personality traits in a sample of 11,680 individuals, 307 of whom became disabled over a 4-year period. We show that although becoming disabled has a severe impact on life satisfaction, this effect is significantly moderated by predisability personality. After 4 years of disability, moderately agreeable individuals had levels of life satisfaction 0.32 standard deviations higher than those of moderately disagreeable individuals. Agreeable individuals adapt more quickly and fully to disability; disagreeable individuals may need additional support to adapt.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Other > Institute of Advanced Study
Faculty of Science > Psychology
|Journal or Publication Title:||Psychological Science|
|Publisher:||Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.|
|Number of Pages:||6|
|Page Range:||pp. 1397-1402|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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