Mal3 masks catastrophe events in schizosaccharomyces pombe microtubules by inhibiting shrinkage and promoting rescue
Katsuki, Miho, Drummond, D. R., Osei, M. and Cross, R. A.. (2009) Mal3 masks catastrophe events in schizosaccharomyces pombe microtubules by inhibiting shrinkage and promoting rescue. Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol.284 (No.43). pp. 29246-29250. ISSN 0021-9258Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.C109.052159
Schizosaccharomyces pombe Mal3 is a member of the EB family of proteins, which are proposed to be core elements in a tip-tracking network that regulates microtubule dynamics in cells. How Mal3 itself influences microtubule dynamics is unclear. We tested the effects of full-length recombinant Mal3 on dynamic microtubules assembled in vitro from purified S. pombe tubulin, using dark field video microscopy to avoid fluorescent tagging and data-averaging techniques to improve spatiotemporal resolution. We find that catastrophe occurs stochastically as a fast (<2.2 s) transition from constant speed growth to constant speed shrinkage with a constant probability that is independent of the Mal3 concentration. This implies that Mal3 neither stabilizes nor destabilizes microtubule tips. Mal3 does, however, stabilize the main part of the microtubule lattice, inhibiting shrinkage and increasing the frequency of rescues, consistent with recent models in which Mal3 on the lattice forms stabilizing lateral links between neighboring protofilaments. At high concentrations, Mal3 can entirely block shrinkage and induce very rapid rescue, making catastrophes impossible to detect, which may account for the apparent suppression of catastrophe by Mal3 and other EBs in vivo. Overall, we find that Mal3 stabilizes microtubules not by preventing catastrophe at the microtubule tip but by inhibiting lattice depolymerization and enhancing rescue. We argue that this implies that Mal3 binds microtubules in different modes at the tip and on the lattice.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > R Medicine (General)|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Biomedical Cell Biology
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publisher:||American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|Date:||23 October 2009|
|Page Range:||pp. 29246-29250|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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