Modeling the spread and control of foot-and-mouth disease in Pennsylvania following its discovery and options for control
Tildesley, Michael J., Smith, Gary and Keeling, Matt J.. (2012) Modeling the spread and control of foot-and-mouth disease in Pennsylvania following its discovery and options for control. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Vol.104 (No.3-4). pp. 224-239. ISSN 0167-5877Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2011.11.007
In this paper, we simulate outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, USA – after the introduction of a state-wide movement ban – as they might unfold in the presence of mitigation strategies. We have adapted a model previously used to investigate FMD control policies in the UK to examine the potential for disease spread given an infection seeded in each county in Pennsylvania. The results are highly dependent upon the county of introduction and the spatial scale of transmission. Should the transmission kernel be identical to that for the UK, the epidemic impact is limited to fewer than 20 premises, regardless of the county of introduction. However, for wider kernels where infection can spread further, outbreaks seeded in or near the county with highest density of premises and animals result in large epidemics (>150 premises). Ring culling and vaccination reduce epidemic size, with the optimal radius of the rings being dependent upon the county of introduction. Should the kernel width exceed a given county-dependent threshold, ring culling is unable to control the epidemic. We find that a vaccinate-to-live policy is generally preferred to ring culling (in terms of reducing the overall number of premises culled), indicating that well-targeted control can dramatically reduce the risk of large scale outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease occurring in Pennsylvania.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QA Mathematics|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Mathematics|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Preventive Veterinary Medicine|
|Date:||1 May 2012|
|Page Range:||pp. 224-239|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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