The colonial development of concentration camps (1868–1902)
Smith, Iain R. and Stucki, Andreas. (2011) The colonial development of concentration camps (1868–1902). The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, Vol.39 (No.3). pp. 417-437. ISSN 0308-6534
WRAP_Smith_Andreas's_and_Iain's_revised_version_of_JICH_article_(completed).pdf - Accepted Version - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03086534.2011.598746
The forced labour and extermination camps established in Europe during the Second World War gave the meaning to the term 'concentration camp' which it has for the general public today. But the practice of concentrating civilians in guarded camps or centres, specifically as part of a counter-guerrilla military strategy during wartime, long predated and outlasted the Second World War. In the light of fresh research, this article looks comparatively at the function of the camps in three different colonial arenas between 1868 and 1902. It emphasises the different purposes between these exercises in civilian concentration and the 'camp culture' of the Nazi era in Europe and challenges the linkage between the two asserted by Hannah Arendt half a century ago and by many others since.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||D History General and Old World > D History (General)|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Arts > History|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Concentration camps -- History -- 19th century|
|Journal or Publication Title:||The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History|
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
|Page Range:||pp. 417-437|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Wellcome Trust (London, England)|
Arendt, Hannah. The Origins of Totalitarianism. New York: Harcourt Brace & Co., 1973.
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