Deletion of ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73) reveals direct action potential-dependent adenosine release
Klyuch, Boris P., Dale, Nicholas and Wall, M. (Mark). (2012) Deletion of ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73) reveals direct action potential-dependent adenosine release. Journal of Neuroscience, Vol.32 (No.11). pp. 3842-3847. ISSN 0270-6474Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.6052-11.2012
Purinergic signaling is a highly complex system of extracellular communication involved in many physiological and pathological functions in the mammalian brain. Its complexity stems from the multitude of purine receptor subtypes and endogenous purine receptor ligands (including ATP, ADP, UTP, UDP, and adenosine). Potentially all of these ligands could be directly released, and some could also arise from extracellular metabolism.Awidely held consensus is that, except under pathological conditions, extracellular adenosine arises only from ectoATPase-mediated metabolism of previously released ATP. Here, we have used mice that lack the CD73 gene (encoding ecto-5'-nucleotidase that converts AMP to adenosine) to test whether action potential-dependent adenosine release in the cerebellum depends on prior ATP release. Surprisingly, we have uncovered two parallel pathways of adenosine release: one that is indirect via glutamate receptor-dependent release of ATP and a second of equal amplitude that has no dependence on prior release of ATP and thus represents the direct release of adenosine. This component of adenosine release is blocked by bafilomycin and modulated by mGlu4 receptor activation, strongly supporting adenosine release by exocytosis from parallel fibers. Our findings are a major step in understanding the mechanisms of adenosine release and are likely to have implications for all aspects of physiology where adenosine plays a key modulatory role. © 2012 the authors.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- )|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Neuroscience|
|Publisher:||Society for Neuroscience|
|Date:||14 March 2012|
|Page Range:||pp. 3842-3847|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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