The influence of genetic variation and nitrogen source on nitrate accumulation and iso-osmotic regulation by lettuce
Burns, Ian G., Durnford, James, Lynn, James, McClement, Sandy, Hand, Paul and Pink, David. (2012) The influence of genetic variation and nitrogen source on nitrate accumulation and iso-osmotic regulation by lettuce. Plant and Soil, Vol.352 (No.1-2). pp. 321-339. ISSN 0032-079XFull text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-011-0999-0
Background and aims: Characterisation of genetic variation in nitrate accumulation by lettuce will inform strategies for selecting low-nitrate varieties more capable of meeting EU legislation on harvested produce. This study uses a population of recombinant inbred lines (RILs) of lettuce to determine how genotypic differences influence N uptake, N assimilation and iso-osmotic regulation, and to identify key related traits prior to future genetic analysis. Methods: Measurements were made on plants grown to maturity in soil fertilised with ammonium nitrate, and in a complete nutrient solution containing only nitrate-N. A simple osmotic balance model was developed to estimate variations in shoot osmotic concentration between RILs. Results: There were significant genotypic variations in nitrate accumulation when plants were grown either with nitrate alone or in combination with ammonium. Ammonium-N significantly reduced nitrate in the shoot but had no effect on its relative variability, or on the ranking of genotypes. Shoot nitrate-N was correlated positively with total-N and tissue water, and negatively with assimilated-C in both experiments. Corresponding relationships with assimilated-N and shoot weight were weaker. Estimated concentrations of total osmotica in shoot sap were statistically identical in all RILs, despite variations in nitrate concentration across the population. Conclusions: Approximately 73% of the genotypic variability in nitrate accumulation within the population of RILs arose from differences in nitrate uptake and only 27% from differences in nitrate assimilated, irrespective of whether or not part of the N was recovered as ammonium, or whether the plants were grown in soil or solution culture. Genotypic variability in nitrate accumulation was associated with changes in concentrations of other endogenous solutes (especially carboxylates and soluble carbohydrates) and of tissue water, which minimised differences in osmotic potential of shoot sap between RILs. This offers the opportunity of using the regulation of these solutes as additional traits to manipulate nitrate accumulation. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > Q Science (General)|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- )
Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- ) > Warwick HRI (2004-2010)
|Journal or Publication Title:||Plant and Soil|
|Page Range:||pp. 321-339|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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