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Chains of interacting Brownian particles under strain
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Allman, Michael J. (2010) Chains of interacting Brownian particles under strain. PhD thesis, University of Warwick.

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Official URL: http://webcat.warwick.ac.uk/record=b2481974~S15
Abstract
We consider the behaviour of a onedimensional chain of interacting Brownian
particles being slowly pulled apart. More precisely, the leftmost particle is fixed,
while the rightmost is pulled away at slow speed ε > 0. The interaction between
particles is through a pairwise potential U of finite range. If we wait for a long
enough time, the distance between a pair of neighbouring particles will exceed the
range of U so that these two particles no longer interact. When this happens, we
consider the chain broken at this point. Our aim is to investigate how the speed of
pulling affects where the chain breaks, in the limit as σ < 0, where σ > 0 is the
noise intensity.
In Chapter 3, we begin by treating the case that U is cutoff strictly convex.
In particular, it does not go smoothly to zero. We find, roughly, that if ε > σ
then the chain breaks at the end where it is pulled, while if ε < σ it has an equal
probability to break at either end. Then in Chapter 4, we consider the case that U
goes smoothly to zero. After approximating the shape of the total energy function,
we find, roughly, that the threshold between pulling regimes is given by ε = σ4/3.
Our approach is based on a careful analysis of sample path behaviour.
Although we mostly consider overdamped dynamics, we also show in Chapter
4 that if the particles have mass εβ with β > 2, then the behaviour of the chain
is wellapproximated by that in the overdamped case.
Item Type:  Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)  

Subjects:  Q Science > QA Mathematics  
Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):  Brownian movements, Particles  Mathematical models  
Official Date:  November 2010  
Dates: 


Institution:  University of Warwick  
Theses Department:  Mathematics Institute  
Thesis Type:  PhD  
Publication Status:  Unpublished  
Supervisor(s)/Advisor:  Betz, Volker  
Sponsors:  Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) ; University of Warwick ; Nihon Gakujutsu Shinkōkai [Japan Society for the Promotion of Science] ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) (EP/P502810/1)  
Extent:  vi, 111 leaves  
Language:  eng 
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