The association of recombination events in the founding and emergence of subgenogroup evolutionary lineages of human enterovirus 71
McWilliam Leitch, E. C., Cabrerizo, M., Cardosa, J., Harvala, H., Ivanova, O. E., Koike, S., Kroes, A. C. M., Lukashev, A., Perera, D., Roivainen, M., Susi, P., Trallero, G., Evans, D. J. (David J.) and Simmonds, P.. (2012) The association of recombination events in the founding and emergence of subgenogroup evolutionary lineages of human enterovirus 71. Journal of Virology, Vol.86 (No.5). pp. 2676-2685. ISSN 0022-538XFull text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.06065-11
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is responsible for frequent large-scale outbreaks of hand, foot, and mouth disease worldwide and represent a major etiological agent of severe, sometimes fatal neurological disease. EV71 variants have been classified into three genogroups (GgA, GgB, and GgC), and the latter two are further subdivided into subgenogroups B1 to B5 and C1 to C5. To investigate the dual roles of recombination and evolution in the epidemiology and transmission of EV71 worldwide, we performed a largescale genetic analysis of isolates (n = 308) collected from 19 countries worldwide over a 40-year period. A series of recombination events occurred over this period, which have been identified through incongruities in sequence grouping between the VP1 and 3Dpol regions. Eleven 3Dpol clades were identified, each specific to EV71 and associated with specific subgenogroups but interspersed phylogenetically with clades of coxsackievirus A16 and other EV species A serotypes. The likelihood of recombination increased with VP1 sequence divergence; mean half-lives for EV71 recombinant forms (RFs) of 6 and 9 years for GgB and GgC overlapped with those observed for the EV-B serotypes, echovirus 9 (E9), E30, and E11, respectively (1.3 to 9.8 years). Furthermore, within genogroups, sporadic recombination events occurred, such as the linkage of two B4 variants to RF-W instead of RF-A and of two C4 variants to RF-H. Intriguingly, recombination events occurred as a founding event of most subgenogroups immediately preceding their lineage expansion and global emergence. The possibility that recombination contributed to their subsequent spread through improved fitness requires further biological and immunological characterization. © 2012, American Society for Microbiology.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- ) > Biological Sciences ( -2010)|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Virology|
|Publisher:||American Society for Microbiology|
|Official Date:||March 2012|
|Page Range:||pp. 2676-2685|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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