Insights into ‘fermentonomics’ : evaluation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in human disease using an electronic ‘e-nose’
Arasaradnam, Ramesh P., Quraishi, N., Kyrou, I., Nwokolo, Chuka U., Joseph, M., Kumar, Sudhesh, Bardhan, Karna Dev and Covington, James A.. (2011) Insights into ‘fermentonomics’ : evaluation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in human disease using an electronic ‘e-nose’. Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology, Vol.35 (No.2). pp. 87-91. ISSN 0309-1902Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/03091902.2010.539770
Detection of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) is a common requirement in industry for which numerous methods are available. The electronic nose (e-nose) is an example. Rather than individual chemicals, the e-nose recognizes the ‘aroma fingerprint’ created by the collection of VOCs in samples, comparable to the human nose. We report on a novel application for gastrointestinal and metabolic medicine, and compare its results to mass spectrometry. Fermentation of undigested foods in the large bowel by its resident bacteria results in the creation of several chemicals including volatile gases that influence colonic and metabolic health. Using urine samples, preliminary results indicate the ability of the e-nose to distinguish between controls and those with inflammatory bowel disease or diabetes (separation rate of 97%). This emphasizes the different patterns of fermentation. Our term ‘fermentonomics’ describes the investigation and analysis of the fermentome by such non-invasive means. Such an approach has potentially wide application in medicine.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Volatile organic compounds, Olfactometry, Inflammatory bowel diseases -- Diagnosis, Diabetes -- Diagnosis|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology|
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis Ltd.|
|Official Date:||February 2011|
|Page Range:||pp. 87-91|
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