Self-esteem in children after traumatic brain injury : an exploratory study
Hawley, Carol. (2012) Self-esteem in children after traumatic brain injury : an exploratory study. NeuroRehabilitation, Vol.30 (No.3). pp. 173-181. ISSN 1053-8135
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Children with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) often have difficulties in adjusting to their injury and altered abilities, and may be at risk of low self-esteem and loss of confidence. However, few studies have examined self-esteem in this client group. The current study measured the self-esteem of a group of children who were, on average, two years post-TBI and compared this to their performance on other psychometric measures. Participants were 96 children with TBI and 31 peer controls, their parents and teachers. Self-esteem was measured using the Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory (CSEI). CSEI scores were compared with performance on Wechsler Intelligence Scales (WISC-III), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS); Children’s Memory Scale (CMS), Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scales (VABS) and Parental Stress Index (PSI). Self-esteem was highly correlated with IQ; HADS anxiety and depression; and parental stress (p<0.001). Children with TBI had significantly lower self-esteem than controls and population norms (p=0.015). Many children with TBI demonstrate low self-esteem and this is closely linked with anxiety and depression. This may hamper academic performance and could lead to further psychosocial problems. It is recommended that self-esteem is routinely assessed after brain injury and rehabilitation strategies implemented to promote a sense of self-worth.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Mental Health and Wellbeing|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Self-esteem in children, Self-esteem -- Testing, Brain -- Wounds and injuries -- Psychological aspects|
|Journal or Publication Title:||NeuroRehabilitation|
|Page Range:||pp. 173-181|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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